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BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species may mediate tissue injury in inflammatory bowel disease. Aminosalicylates have antioxidant activity and the antioxidants, superoxide dismutase and allopurinol, are of reported benefit in inflammatory bowel disease. AIM To develop a convenient technique for testing the antioxidant potential of standard and novel(More)
OBJECTIVE The transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) has been implicated in the inflammatory response and is known to be activated by a process involving reactive oxygen intermediates. The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the presence and distribution of activated NF-kappaB in synovium samples from patients with rheumatoid(More)
The oxidative modification of human LDL has been implicated in atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms by which such modification occurs in vivo are not fully understood. In the present study, we have isolated LDL from knee-joint synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We demonstrate that such LDL is oxidatively modified as evidenced by an(More)
In recent years it has become increasingly apparent that, in man, free radicals play a role in a variety of normal regulatory systems, the deregulation of which may play an important role in inflammation. As examples, we discuss the second messenger roles of: NO in the regulation of vascular tone, O2.- in fibroblast proliferation and H2O2 in the activation(More)
Cells of nearly all forms of life require well-defined amounts of iron for survival, replication and expression of differentiated processes. It has a central role in erythropoiesis but is also involved in many other intracellular processes in the tissues of the body. It is the fourth most abundant element in the Earth's crust and the most abundant(More)
Superoxide and hydrogen peroxide are reactive oxygen species (ROS) primarily produced by phagocytic cells as a consequence of the process of phagocytosis. This defensive role, may, however, become one of attack when production of ROS is excessive and overwhelms cellular scavenging systems. This happens in situations such as acute inflammation and results in(More)
The effect of iron was studied in rats in a ROS-initiated model of acute skin inflammation. Iron dextran was administered i.v. 24 h before the induction of the inflammatory response by intradermal injection of glucose oxidase attached to polyethylene glycol (GOD-PEG). Iron exacerbated the response at 24 and 48 h (P greater than 0.001). Histologically, a(More)
A model of skin inflammation induced by reactive oxygen species has been established using the hydrogen-peroxide-producing enzyme glucose oxidase. As a means of increasing the half-life of the enzyme and tissue retention polyethylene glycol (PEG) was attached. A rapid inflammatory response occurred consisting of an oedematous, non-erythemic swelling lasting(More)
A detailed ultrastructural study was made of the synovial iron deposits in cases of haemophilic synovitis (HS), pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA), seronegative inflammatory arthritis (SNA), and in controls, to investigate the relationship between iron deposits and tissue damage. Iron was seen by electron(More)
D-myo-inositol-l.2.6-trisphosphate (PP56, Perstorp Pharma, Sweden) is an isomer of inositol trisphosphate (IP3), and is produced by hydrolysis of phytic acid by the phytase enzyme of yeast (M J Sir6n 1984, US Pat No. 4735936). Another isomer of IP3, n-myo-inositol-l.4.5trisphosphate, is an intrinsic part of membrane phospholipids and is released(More)