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A recent report that 93 per cent of invasive cervical cancers worldwide contain human papillomavirus (HPV) may be an underestimate, due to sample inadequacy or integration events affecting the HPV L1 gene, which is the target of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based test which was used. The formerly HPV-negative cases from this study have therefore been(More)
BACKGROUND The proportion of women infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) varies greatly across populations, as might the distribution of HPV types. We aimed to compare HPV-type distribution in representative samples of women from different world regions. METHODS Women were randomly selected from the general population of 13 areas from 11 countries(More)
The causal role of human papillomavirus infections in cervical cancer has been documented beyond reasonable doubt. The association is present in virtually all cervical cancer cases worldwide. It is the right time for medical societies and public health regulators to consider this evidence and to define its preventive and clinical implications. A(More)
Sequence analysis of human papillomavirus (HPV) general primer GP5/6 mediated PCR products revealed the presence of short highly conserved sequences adjacent to the 3' ends of both primers. Part of these sequences was used to elongate GP5 and GP6 at their 3' ends to generate the primers GP5+ and GP6+, respectively. Compared with the GP5/6 PCR, GP5+/6+(More)
BACKGROUND The capability of activated oncogenes to induce malignant transformation of immortalized cells in vitro has suggested that they have a similar role in the pathogenesis of human tumors. We previously found that activation of the K-ras oncogene by a point mutation in codon 12 occurs in about one third of human lung adenocarcinomas. METHODS We(More)
Multidrug-resistant cancer cells frequently overexpress the 110-kD LRP protein (originally named Lung Resistance-related Protein). LRP overexpression has been found to predict a poor response to chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukaemia and ovarian carcinoma. We describe the cloning and chromosome localization of the gene coding for this novel protein. The(More)
This study aimed at resolving cellular genetic alterations in the process of in vitro immortalization of human keratinocytes by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18. Four cell lines of primary human foreskin keratinocytes transfected with HPV 16 and HPV 18, respectively, were analysed during the transition from the mortal to immortal state. All cell(More)
We analyzed TP53 codon 72 polymorphism, HPV DNA in 32 subjects with oesophageal cancer and 57 healthy subjects with normal oesophageal cytology from an area of China with a high prevalence for this cancer (Linxian County, Henan Province). The frequency of the proline allele (0.63) was significantly higher in the Chinese population than in most European or(More)
Cyclin D1 overexpression, detected by standard immunohistochemistry, was correlated with other prognostic variables and its prognostic value was evaluated in a group of 148 invasive breast cancers with long-term follow-up. Overexpression of cyclin D1 (59% of cases) was negatively correlated (chi 2 test) with histological grade (P = 0.0001), mean nuclear(More)
To investigate the prevalence of and the risk factors for cervical infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) in an inner-city area of Ibadan, Nigeria, we interviewed and obtained a sample of cervical cells from 932 sexually active women aged 15 years or older. A total of 32 different HPV types were identified with an HPV prevalence of 26.3% overall and(More)