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OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence density and the occurrence of horizontal spread of highly resistant gram-negative rods (HR-GNRs) in Dutch hospitals. The factors that influence these outcome measures were also investigated. METHODS All patients with HR-GNRs, as determined by sample testing, who were hospitalized in 1(More)
We compared 2 chromogenic media (Oxoid Brilliance MRSA 2 agar [Thermo Fisher Scientific] and MRSA-ID [bioMérieux]) for the detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in 1,368 hospital samples. For both media, broth enrichment was essential to obtain satisfactory diagnostic performance. Although with direct cultures only, the diagnostic(More)
The worldwide prevalence of extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) is increasing, making the need for optimized detection techniques more urgent. In this study we investigated the performance of two ESBL-E screening and two ESBL-E confirmation techniques. In accordance with the Dutch national guidelines(More)
We assessed the effect of increasing manganese concentrations in test media (0.001 to 1,024 mg/liter) on MICs of tigecycline. For both broth microdilution (BMD) and Etests, this effect was negligible for physiological concentrations, but MICs increased when concentrations exceeded 8 mg/liter. Susceptibility testing should be performed on media with(More)
Recently, chicken meat was identified as a plausible source of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) -producing Escherichia coli in humans. We investigated the relatedness of ESBL-producing Klebsiella spp. in chicken meat and humans. Furthermore, we tested the performance of SpectraCell RA(®) (River Diagnostics), a new typing method based on Raman(More)
This paper describes the trends in prevalence of ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) and ESBL genes, measured in five consecutive yearly Point Prevalence Surveys (PPS). All patients present in the hospital and in a day-care clinic (including patients on dialysis) on the day of the survey, were screened for perianal ESBL-E carriage. Perianal swabs(More)
This study evaluated the added value of selective preenrichment for the detection of rectal carriage of extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E). ESBL-E rectal carriage was identified in 4.8% of hospitalized patients, and 25.9% of ESBL-E rectal carriers were identified with selective preenrichment only.
Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is one of the most reliable methods for typing of Escherichia coli, including extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing E. coli (ESBL-EC). We investigated the performance of a new typing method, SpectraCell RA (River Diagnostics, Madison, WI), in comparison on MLST on a well-defined collection of ESBL-EC isolates obtained(More)