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The humoral and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses have been shown to be determinant in the clearance of many viral infections and because of those characteristics, vaccine candidates against AIDS are designed to enhance both arms of the immune system. While a protocol of immunization able to confer protection in humans against HIV will have to await(More)
According to the epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Cuba, the main sources of infection have been persons coming from foreign countries, mainly from Africa, and individuals who have had sexual contacts with foreigners in Cuba. However, the first Cuban HIV-1 isolates sequenced have been all classified as subtype B. In this note we(More)
A phase I clinical trial with the HIV-1-derived multi-epitope polypeptide (MEP) TAB9 in the oil adjuvant Montanide ISA720 (M-ISA720) was recently performed. Although severe local reactions were reported after the second and third injections of this vaccine candidate, the first inoculation was well tolerated. In this article we evaluated a prime-boost regime(More)
Based on the partial efficacy of the HIV/AIDS Thai trial (RV144) with a canarypox vector prime and protein boost, attenuated poxvirus recombinants expressing HIV-1 antigens are increasingly sought as vaccine candidates against HIV/AIDS. Here we describe using systems analysis the biological and immunological characteristics of the attenuated vaccinia virus(More)
In a previous work we selected montanide ISA720 (M-ISA720) among different adjuvants for the vaccination with a V3 loop based multi-epitope polypeptide TAB9. In this paper we present the evaluation of the toxicity and immunogenicity of this formulation in non-human primates. TAB9 in M-ISA720 was highly immunogenic in macaques (Macaca fascicularis) inducing(More)
Results Our findings revealed that sCD40L in DNA/poxvirus combination enhanced the magnitude about 2-fold (DNA-B/ MVA-B) and 4-fold (DNA-B/NYVAC-B), as well as the breath of the HIV antigen specific cellular immune responses. sCD40L was necessary in both prime and boost inoculations triggering a potent polarization of the the response towards a Th1 type. In(More)
Results The innate immune signals elicited by these MVA-B deletion mutants in human macrophages showed an upregulation of the expression of IFN-b and IFN-a/binducible genes. A DNA prime/MVA boost immunization protocol in mice revealed that these MVA-B deletion mutants were able to induce strong and polyfunctional HIV-1-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell adaptive(More)
Background One of the major challenges in the development of an effective HIV-1 vaccine is the extraordinary genetic diversity of the virus. Immunizations of nonhuman primates using consensus and mosaic immunogens have been shown to elicit cross-reactive CD8+T lymphocyte responses that increase the depth of epitope recognition. However, one of the(More)
Methods In an effort to further improve the immunogenicity of poxvirus based vaccine candidates against HIV/AIDS, we have developed a novel vector by inserting a VACV hostrange (hr) gene in the attenuated NYVAC-B recombinant which expresses HIV-1 antigens from clade B (Env, Gag, Pol and Nef). We have previously described that the presence of hr gene in(More)