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Endothelin (ET), a potent stimulator of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) secretion in atrial myocyte cultures, has been hypothesized to act via the stimulation of protein kinase C (PKC). This study was carried out in order to determine if ET activates PKC in atrial cultures and whether this activation fully accounts for the effects of ET on ANF secretion. By(More)
The protease, alpha-thrombin (alpha Th), affects myocardial cell contractility, a feature common among agents that induce hypertrophy. However, it is not known whether cardiac myocytes possess alpha Th receptors (alpha Th-R), or if long term treatment with alpha Th can enhance growth and gene expression. In the present study primary neonatal rat ventricular(More)
It has been shown recently that alpha-adrenergic agonists can stimulate atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) expression in ventricular cardiac myocytes; however, little is known about the intracellular signals mediating this activation. The present study focused on the potential roles of calcium-regulated kinases and calcium influx in the alpha-adrenergic(More)
Intracellular signaling mechanisms affected by endothelin (ET), a hypertrophic agonist, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB, a proliferative agonist, in vascular smooth muscle cells were examined. PDGF-BB was a potent mitogen compared with untreated cultures, stimulating both [3H]thymidine incorporation and cell number. In contrast, ET was a poor(More)
In contrast to most other endocrine peptides ANF is stored in the heart as part of a larger prohormone, often called pro-ANF, yet is found in the circulation as a 28 amino acid peptide, called ANF. It has been shown that the conversion of the 126 amino acid pro-ANF to ANF occurs in the heart. This paper summarizes studies from our laboratory that have used(More)
We have investigated endothelin (ET)-regulated secretion of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) from primary neonatal rat ventricular myocytes, where hormone release is thought to be constitutive. In a dose-dependent, nifedipine-sensitive manner, ET acutely enhanced ANF release by two- to fivefold over control cultures within 15 min of agonist exposure,(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent stimulator of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) secretion from myocardial cells. In heart tissue there are two ET receptor subtypes (ETA-R and ETB-R), which can be pharmacologically distinguished by the ET isopeptides ET-1 and ET-3. However, the identification of the ET-R subtype responsible for the rapid enhancement of ANF(More)
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