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Normal-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) on amino-bonded silica with elution by aqueous acetonitrile is shown to be an especially suitable complement to reverse-phase HPLC on octadecyl silica for the fractionation of oligosaccharide alditols produced by alkaline borohydride degradation of mucin glycoproteins. The former technique separates(More)
Circular dichroism spectra (CD) of an active fraction of antifreeze glycoprotein (AFGP) and of a lower molecular weight fraction which is less active are found to be similar in the wavelength range 170-230 nm. The contribution of the disaccharide side chain chromophores to the CD spectra of the glycoprotein is estimated from spectra of model(More)
Lectin-mediated interactions between oral viridans group streptococci and actinomyces may play an important role in microbial colonization of the tooth surface. The presence of two host-like motifs, either GalNAc beta1-->3Gal (Gn) or Gal beta1-->3GalNAc (G), in the cell wall polysaccharides of five streptococcal strains accounts for the lactose-sensitive(More)
The antigenically related coaggregation receptor polysaccharides (RPS) of Streptococcus oralis strains C104 and SK144 mediate recognition of these bacteria by other members of the dental plaque biofilm community. In the present study, the structure of strain SK144 RPS was established by high resolution NMR spectroscopy as(More)
NMR residual dipolar couplings between couple of nuclei PQ, (1)D(PQ), measured on neutral dilute liquid crystal solutions, provide valuable long-range structural information of biomolecules. An accurate and simple method for the prediction of the alignment produced as consequence of sterical interactions between the solute and the bicelles is proposed(More)
Pathogenic bacteria are often classified on the basis of the complex polysaccharides found on the surface, usually capsular polysaccharides or lipopolysaccharides. It is common in clinical practice to use reactivity with antisera specific to the various cell surface carbohydrates for this purpose. In this work, we describe a chemotyping method for bacterial(More)
The concentration-dependent stimulatory and inhibitory effect of N-glycans on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) fruit ripening was recently reported (B. Priem and K.C. Gross [1992] Plant Physiol 98: 399-401). We report here the structure of 10 free N-glycans in mature green tomatoes. N-Glycans were purified from fruit pericarp by ethanolic extraction,(More)
Coaggregation between Actinomyces viscosus T14V and Streptococcus sanguis 34 depends on interaction of a lectin on A. viscosus T14V with a cell surface carbohydrate on S. sanguis 34. This carbohydrate was isolated, and its chemical makeup was established. The carbohydrate remained attached to S. sanguis 34 cells through extraction with Triton X-100 and(More)
Previous study showed that some Gram-negative bacteria possess human blood group activity. Among them, Escherichia coli O86 has high blood group B activity and weak blood group A activity. This is due to the cell surface O-antigen structure, which resembles that of human blood group B antigen. In this study, we sequenced the entire E. coli O86 antigen gene(More)