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A controlled trial of an educational program to prevent low back injuries.
TLDR
A large-scale, randomized, controlled trial of an educational program to prevent work-associated low back injury found no long-term benefits associated with training.
Acute traumatic injuries in rural populations.
TLDR
Differences in rates and patterns of injury among rural and urban populations are described and factors that contribute to these differences are discussed.
Fatal motor vehicle crashes in rural and urban areas: decomposing rates into contributing factors
TLDR
The decomposition method was used to explore the factors associated with increased fatal crash involvement rates in rural communities and found that the fatal crash incidence density was more than two times higher in rural than in urban areas.
Risk factors for animal-related injury among Iowa large-livestock farmers: a case-control study nested in the Agricultural Health Study.
TLDR
This is the first study to show associations between animal-related injury and a younger age, hearing difficulties, and doctor-diagnosed arthritis, which are particularly important risk factors to address in future preventive studies.
Risk factors for agricultural injury: a case-control analysis of Iowa farmers in the Agricultural Health Study.
TLDR
The results of this case-control study confirm the importance of risk factors identified in previous analytic studies and suggest directions for future research in preventive intervention strategies to reduce farm work-related injuries.
The efficacy of preemployment drug screening for marijuana and cocaine in predicting employment outcome.
TLDR
The study shows that a preemployment drug screen positive for marijuana or cocaine is associated with adverse employment outcomes, however, the level of risk is much less than previously estimated.
Epidemiology of back injury in university hospital nurses from review of workers' compensation records and a case-control survey.
TLDR
Multivariate logistic modelling showed that prior nonback injury and performing combined lifting activities were statistically significant risk factors for back injury, and being overweight approached significance, after adjusting for the effects of age, gender, and each of the evaluated risk factors.
Chronic disease and injury in an agricultural county: The Keokuk County Rural Health Cohort Study.
TLDR
The Keokuk County Rural Health Study (KCRHS) was designed as a 20-year, prospective cohort study focusing on chronic disease and injury in an agricultural southeastern Iowa county and identified several modifiable health outcomes and risk factors as candidates for further analysis and targets for community-based prevention and intervention programs.
Work-related injuries among Iowa farm operators: an analysis of the Iowa Farm Family Health and Hazard Surveillance Project.
TLDR
Three factors significantly associated with injury are found: younger age, having an impairment or health problem that limits work, and hand or arm exposure to acids or alkalis; safety training did not seem to protect farmers from injuries.
Risk factors for back pain among male farmers: analysis of Iowa Farm Family Health and Hazard Surveillance Study.
TLDR
Farmers had a significantly higher prevalence of back pain than the general working population and middle-aged farmers and those with additional non-agricultural jobs had the highest risk for back pain.
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