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Pursuit of the muscular ideal: Physical and psychological consequences and putative risk factors.
- G. Cafri, J. K. Thompson, L. Ricciardelli, M. McCabe, L. Smolak, C. Yesalis
- Psychology, Medicine
- Clinical psychology review
- 1 February 2005
Developing a lean muscular figure for the purposes of sports and/or appearance has become a central issue for males. Concern has been raised because the desire to develop such a body build may lead… Expand
Estimated prevalence of anabolic steroid use among male high school seniors.
- W. Buckley, C. Yesalis, K. Friedl, W. A. Anderson, A. Streit, J. E. Wright
- 16 December 1988
The use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AS) is perceived by the media, by segments of the sports medicine and athletic communities, and by the public to have grown to epidemic proportions.… Expand
Anabolic-androgenic steroid use in the United States.
OBJECTIVE To estimate the size of the anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) user population in the United States, to examine characteristics of AAS users, and to explore the association between AAS use… Expand
Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids and related substances in sport and exercise.
Anabolic androgenic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone, which is the primary male sex hormone. Anabolic androgenic steroids are used to enhance athletic performance and appearance.… Expand
Risk Factors Associated With Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use Among Adolescents
AbstractTo identify risk factors associated with anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use among adolescents, computerised and manual literature searches were performed and the resultant local, state,… Expand
Trends in anabolic-androgenic steroid use among adolescents.
- C. Yesalis, C. K. Barsukiewicz, A. Kopstein, M. Bahrke
- Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
- 1 December 1997
OBJECTIVE To examine the trends in anabolic steroid use among adolescents in the United States between 1988 and 1996. DESIGN Computerized and manual literature searches were performed, and the… Expand
Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise
- C. Yesalis
- 27 June 2000
Part I: History and Incidence of Use: Chapter 1. Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids: A Historical Perspective and Definition, Charles D. Kochakian. Chapter 2. History of Anabolic Steroid Use in Sport and… Expand
SummaryThe use of drugs to enhance physical performance has been observed for thousands of years. Today, individuals continue to use a variety of substances, including anabolic-androgenic steroids,… Expand
The history of synthetic testosterone.
The era of increasingly sophisticated hormonal treatments led to the synthesis of testosterone in 1935 the primary male hormone produced by the testicles. Since the 1940s countless athletes and… Expand
Doping among adolescent athletes.
The use of drugs to enhance physical performance and appearance has been observed for thousands of years. Today individuals, including adolescents, continue to employ a wide variety of drugs in the… Expand