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Improved estimates of global ocean circulation, heat transport and mixing from hydrographic data
Through its ability to transport large amounts of heat, fresh water and nutrients, the ocean is an essential regulator of climate. The pathways and mechanisms of this transport and its stability areExpand
Abyssal recipes II: energetics of tidal and wind mixing
Without deep mixing, the ocean would turn, within a few thousand years, into a stagnant pool of cold salty water with equilibrium maintained locally by near-surface mixing and with very weakExpand
VERTICAL MIXING, ENERGY, AND THE GENERAL CIRCULATION OF THE OCEANS
▪ AbstractThe coexistence in the deep ocean of a finite, stable stratification, a strong meridional overturning circulation, and mesoscale eddies raises complex questions concerning the circulationExpand
Large-Scale Ocean Heat and Freshwater Transports during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment
Hydrographic sections obtained during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment are combined using a geostrophic inverse model to estimate the global-scale horizontal transports and transportExpand
The Work Done by the Wind on the Oceanic General Circulation
Abstract A new estimate is made using altimeter data of the rate at which the wind works on the oceanic general circulation. The value of about 1 TW is lower than previously estimated and isExpand
The Ocean Circulation Inverse Problem
Preface Notation 1. Introduction 2. Physics of the ocean circulation 3. Basic machinery 4. The steady ocean circulation inverse problem 5. Additional useful methods 6. The time-dependent inverseExpand
An estimate of global ocean circulation and heat fluxes
ALTHOUGH ocean circulation and the consequent exchange of heat and gases with the atmosphere exert a strong influence on climate, discussions of global circulation have previously been highlyExpand
Ocean Circulation Kinetic Energy: Reservoirs, Sources, and Sinks
The ocean circulation is a cause and consequence of fluid scale interactions ranging from millimeters to more than 10,000 km. Although the wind field produces a large energy input to the ocean, allExpand
Two transatlantic sections: meridional circulation and heat flux in the subtropical North Atlantic Ocean
Abstract Transatlantic hydrographic sections were obtained in mid-1981 along latitudes 24.5° and 36.25°N. The tracks nearly duplicated sections made 23 years earlier as part of the InternationalExpand
Atmospheric loading and the oceanic “inverted barometer” effect
The response of the ocean to fluctuating atmospheric pressure loads is reviewed in theory and in observations. Major theoretical issues lie primarily with oceanic boundary reflectivity and with ratesExpand
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