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Biotic ligand model, a flexible tool for developing site-specific water quality guidelines for metals.
The biotic ligand model (BLM) is a mechanistic approach that greatly improves our ability to generate site-specific ambient water quality criteria (AWQC)for metals in the natural environment relative… Expand
The biotic ligand model: a historical overview.
- P. Paquin, J. Gorsuch, +19 authors K. B. Wu
- Biology, Medicine
- Comparative biochemistry and physiology…
- 1 September 2002
During recent years, the biotic ligand model (BLM) has been proposed as a tool to evaluate quantitatively the manner in which water chemistry affects the speciation and biological availability of… Expand
Acid-Base and Ion Balance, Metabolism, and their Interactions, after Exhaustive Exercise in Fish
- C. Wood
- 1 October 1991
In fish, exhaustive exercise stress differs from steady-state aerobic exercise in causing (1) a depletion of glycogen, creatine phosphate (CP) and ATP reserves and an accumulation of lactate and… Expand
A new paradigm for ammonia excretion in aquatic animals: role of Rhesus (Rh) glycoproteins
SUMMARY Ammonia excretion at the gills of fish has been studied for 80 years, but the mechanism(s) involved remain controversial. The relatively recent discovery of the ammonia-transporting function… Expand
Global warming: implications for freshwater and marine fish.
Preface 1. Temperature thresholds for protein adaptation: when does temperature start to 'hurt'? G. N. Somero, and G. E. Hofmann 2. Membrane constraints to physiological function at different… Expand
Why do fish die after severe exercise
Trout fitted with dorsal aortic cannulae were subjected to 6 min of intensive exercise and monitored over the following 12 h recovery period. Delayed mortality was 40%; the majority of deaths… Expand
Integrated responses to exhaustive exercise and recovery in rainbow trout white muscle: acid-base, phosphogen, carbohydrate, lipid, ammonia, fluid volume and electrolyte metabolism.
- Y. Wang, G. Heigenhauser, C. Wood
- Chemistry, Medicine
- The Journal of experimental biology
- 1 October 1994
White muscle and arterial blood plasma were sampled at rest and during 4 h of recovery from exhaustive exercise in rainbow trout. A compound respiratory and metabolic acidosis in the blood was… Expand
Tissue intracellular acid-base status and the fate of lactate after exhaustive exercise in the rainbow trout.
Exhaustive 'burst-type' exercise in the rainbow trout resulted in a severe acidosis in the white muscle, with pHi dropping from 7.21 to a low of 6.62, as measured by DMO distribution. An accumulation… Expand
Ammonia excretion in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): evidence for Rh glycoprotein and H+-ATPase involvement.
- C. Nawata, C. Hung, T. Tsui, J. Wilson, P. Wright, C. Wood
- Biology, Medicine
- Physiological genomics
- 1 November 2007
Branchial ammonia transport in freshwater teleosts is not well understood. Most studies conclude that NH(3) diffuses out of the gill and becomes protonated to NH(4)(+) in an acidified gill boundary… Expand
Copper uptake across rainbow trout gills: mechanisms of apical entry.
Several components of branchial copper uptake were identified in juvenile freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) using (64)Cu. On the basis of competitive interactions between sodium and… Expand