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Experimental Assays to Assess the Efficacy of Vinegar and Other Topical First-Aid Approaches on Cubozoan (Alatina alata) Tentacle Firing and Venom Toxicity
Although vinegar, the 40-year field standard of first aid for the removal of adherent tentacles, completely inhibited cnidae firing in TSA and TSBAA ex vivo models, the most striking inhibition of both tentacle firing and subsequent venom-induced hemolysis was observed using newly-developed proprietary formulations containing copper gluconate, magnesium sulfate, and urea.
Phylogeographic Analyses of Submesophotic Snappers Etelis coruscans and Etelis “marshi” (Family Lutjanidae) Reveal Concordant Genetic Structure across the Hawaiian Archipelago
- Kimberly R. Andrews, Virginia N. Moriwake, B. Bowen
- Environmental Science, BiologyPloS one
- 10 April 2014
The genetic structure of two submesophotic fish species in this archipelago is investigated to gain a greater understanding of genetic connectivity in these deepwater habitats, and no geographic structuring of mtDNA lineages and recent coalescence times that are typical of shallow reef fauna are revealed.
Fiddler crab burrowing affects growth and production of the white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) in a restored Florida coastal marsh
Fiddler crabs can have significant ecological effects on mangrove communities, serving as ecological engineers by modulating the amount of resources available to marsh plants, and by altering the physical, chemical, and biological state of these soft sediment communities.
Phylogeography of Lionfishes (Pterois) Indicate Taxonomic Over Splitting and Hybrid Origin of the Invasive Pterois volitans
- C. Wilcox, H. Motomura, Mizuki Matsunuma, B. Bowen
- Biology, Environmental ScienceThe Journal of heredity
- 14 February 2018
The lionfish is an iconic marine fish, recently renowned for a disastrous introduction into the West Atlantic, and the hybrid origin of the Atlantic invasion invokes the possibility of heterosis as a contributing factor to invasion success.
Guest Editorial: It’s Time To e-Volve: Taking Responsibility for Science Communication in a Digital Age
- C. Wilcox
- EducationThe Biological Bulletin
- 1 April 2012
While blaming the reporter is easy, it is first and foremost the scientist’s job to share his or her research with the broader community, and it is the scientists who are ultimately to blame when their research isn’t communicated well.
Evaluation of Cyanea capillata Sting Management Protocols Using Ex Vivo and In Vitro Envenomation Models
Seawater rinsing, the most commonly recommended method of tentacle removal for this species, induced significant increases in venom delivery, while rinsed with vinegar or Sting No More® Spray did not, indicating that sting management protocols for Cyanea need to be revised immediately.
Cubozoan Envenomations: Clinical Features, Pathophysiology and Management
The current state of the authors' understanding about the pathophysiology of cnidarian envenomation and emerging therapeutic options for the medically relevant cubozoans will be presented.
Heated Debates: Hot-Water Immersion or Ice Packs as First Aid for Cnidarian Envenomations?
After conducting a systematic review of the evidence for the use of heat or ice in the treatment of cnidarian envenomations, it is concluded that the majority of studies to date support theUse of hot-water immersion for pain relief and improved health outcomes.
Phylogeography of the Pacific Blueline Surgeonfish, Acanthurus nigroris, Reveals High Genetic Connectivity and a Cryptic Endemic Species in the Hawaiian Archipelago
A modest bias in gene flow from the southeast towards the northwest islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago, indicating that the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument may be a recipient, rather than a source of propagules to replenish reef resources, and genetic divergence between Hawaii and the rest of the Pacific range is detected.
Soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics in Lumbricus terrestris. L. middens in four arable, a pasture, and a forest ecosystems
- C. Wilcox, J. Domínguez, R. Parmelee, D. Mccartney
- Environmental ScienceBiology and Fertility of Soils
- 1 August 2002
Abstract.Lumbricus terrestris' middens contain large concentrations of organic material and have been characterized as microenvironments distinct from the surrounding soil. The direct and indirect…