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A comparison of medical management with misoprostol and surgical management for early pregnancy failure.
BACKGROUND Misoprostol is increasingly used to treat women who have a failed pregnancy in the first trimester. We assessed the efficacy, safety, and acceptability of this treatment in a large,Expand
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Breast cancer risk associated with ovulation-stimulating drugs.
BACKGROUND Despite the recognized role of hormones in the aetiology of breast cancer, there has been little evaluation of hormonal preparations used to treat infertility. METHODS A retrospectiveExpand
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Transvaginal Sonographic Characterization of Ovarian Disease: Evaluation of a New Scoring System to Predict Ovarian Malignancy
With the advent of high-frequency transvaginal ultrasonography, new opportunities are presented to better define ovarian lesions. The goal of this study was to develop a scoring system usingExpand
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Causes of Infertility as Predictors of Subsequent Cancer Risk
Background: Although studies have found elevated risks of certain cancers linked to infertility, the underlying reasons remain unclear. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study of 12,193 U.S. womenExpand
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Effects of age, cigarette smoking, and other factors on fertility: findings in a large prospective study.
Of 17 032 women taking part in the Oxford Family Planning Association contraceptive study, 4104 stopped using a birth control method to plan a pregnancy on a total of 6199 occasions. The influence ofExpand
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Uterine cancer after use of clomiphene citrate to induce ovulation.
Clomiphene citrate, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, increases estradiol levels and consequently may increase risk of cancer of the uterine corpus. The authors conducted a retrospectiveExpand
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Ovarian cancer risk associated with varying causes of infertility.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk of ovarian cancer as related to underlying causes of infertility. DESIGN Retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING Five large reproductive endocrinologyExpand
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The Effectiveness of Primary Care-Based Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding: Systematic Evidence Review and Meta-Analysis for the US Preventive Services Task Force
PURPOSE We wanted to systematically review whether primary care-based interventions improve initiation and duration of breastfeeding. METHODS Studies were found by searching MEDLINE (1966–2001),Expand
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Tubal sterilization trends in the United States.
OBJECTIVE To review the rate, setting, and demographic characteristics of tubal sterilization and its current trend within contraceptive practice in the United States. DESIGN Review of U.S. healthExpand
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Melanoma, thyroid, cervical, and colon cancer risk after use of fertility drugs.
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to evaluate melanoma, thyroid, colon, and cervical cancer risks after clomiphene or gonadotropins. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective cohort of 8422 women (155,527Expand
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