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Molecular phylogeny of the Microsporidia: ecological, ultrastructural and taxonomic considerations.
A comparative small subunit rDNA (ssrDNA) analysis of 125 species of Microsporidia shows that groups or clades are formed based largely on habitat and host, and indicates that structural and ultrastructural characters are unreliable for distinguishing among higher-level microsporidian taxa.
Host Feeding Patterns of Culex Mosquitoes and West Nile Virus Transmission, Northeastern United States
- G. Molaei, T. Andreadis, P. Armstrong, John F Anderson, C. Vossbrinck
- MedicineEmerging infectious diseases
- 1 March 2006
Culex salinarius is a bridge vector to humans, while Cx. pipiens and Cx. restuans are more efficient enzootic vectors.
Epidemiology of West Nile virus in Connecticut: a five-year analysis of mosquito data 1999-2003.
- T. Andreadis, John F Anderson, C. Vossbrinck, A. Main
- BiologyVector borne and zoonotic diseases
- 15 December 2004
The isolation of WNV from field-collected mosquitoes is a sensitive indicator of virus activity that is associated with the risk of human infection that habitually extends from early August through the end of October in Connecticut.
Isolation of West Nile virus from mosquitoes, crows, and a Cooper's hawk in Connecticut.
West Nile virus, a mosquito-transmitted virus native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, was isolated from two species of mosquitoes and brain tissues of 28 American crows and one Cooper's hawk in Connecticut.
Phylogenetic relationships among Vairimorpha and Nosema species (Microspora) based on ribosomal RNA sequence data.
- M. Baker, C. Vossbrinck, J. Maddox, A. Undeen
- BiologyJournal of invertebrate pathology
- 1 September 1994
Intergeneric comparison of the sequence data suggests that the lepidopteran Nosema species are closely related to the Vairimorpha species.
Mosquito surveillance for West Nile virus in Connecticut, 2000: isolation from Culex pipiens, Cx. restuans, Cx. salinarius, and Culiseta melanura.
Fourteen isolations of West Nile virus were obtained from four mosquito species in statewide surveillance conducted from June through October 2000 in Connecticut, where the highest rates of dead crow sightings were reported and where WN virus was detected in 1999.
Ribosomal RNA sequence suggests microsporidia are extremely ancient eukaryotes
Comparison sequence analysis shows that the small subunit rRNA of the microsporidium Vairimorpha necatrix is more unlike those of other eukaryotes than any known eukARYote 18S rRNA sequence, and concludes that the lineage leading to microspora branched very early from that leading to other eUKaryotes.
Identification and characterization of three Encephalitozoon cuniculi strains
- E. Didier, C. Vossbrinck, M. Baker, L. Rogers, D. Bertucci, J. Shadduck
- 1 November 1995
It is indicated that there exist at least 3 E. cuniculi strains which may become important in the epidemiology of human E.cuniculi infections and these strains will be named or reclassified once the criteria for taxonomy and phylogenetic tree construction for microsporidia become better defined.
Isolation and characterization of a new human microsporidian, Encephalitozoon hellem (n. sp.), from three AIDS patients with keratoconjunctivitis.
A new human microsporidian was isolated from cultures of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells incubated with conjunctival scrapings or corneal tissues from three AIDS patients with keratoconjunctivitis, which appeared to be identical but were different from E. cuniculi.
Small Subunit Ribosomal DNA Phylogeny of Various Microsporidia with Emphasis on AIDS Related Forms
- M. Baker, C. Vossbrinck, E. Didier, J. Maddox, J. Shadduck
- BiologyThe Journal of eukaryotic microbiology
- 1 September 1995
Phylogenetic analysis of the small subunit ribosomal DNA of a broad range of representative microsporidia including five species from humans, reveals that human microspora are polyphyletic in origin and it is suggested that S. intestinalis be designated Encephalitozoon intestinalis and N. corneum be designated N. cuniculi.