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TRY – a global database of plant traits
The improved availability of plant trait data in the unified global database is expected to support a paradigm shift from species to trait-based ecology, offer new opportunities for synthetic plant trait research and enable a more realistic and empirically grounded representation of terrestrial vegetation in Earth system models.
The return of the variance: intraspecific variability in community ecology.
Let the concept of trait be functional
An unambiguous definition of plant trait is given, with a particular emphasis on functional trait, and it is argued that this can be achieved by developing "integration functions" which can be grouped into functional response (community level) and effect (ecosystem level) algorithms.
Intraspecific variability and trait‐based community assembly
The findings suggest that intraspecific trait variability promotes species coexistence, by enabling species to pass through both abiotic and biotic filters, and it is argued that community ecology would benefit from more attention to intrapecific variability.
The n‐dimensional hypervolume
This work highlights the conceptual and computational issues that have prevented a more direct approach to measuring hypervolumes and presents a new multivariate kernel density estimation method that resolves many of these problems in an arbitrary number of dimensions.
Community assembly along a soil depth gradient: contrasting patterns of plant trait convergence and divergence in a Mediterranean rangeland
- M. Bernard‐Verdier, M. Navas, M. Vellend, C. Violle, A. Fayolle, E. Garnier
- Environmental Science
- 1 November 2012
This study highlights how the combination of abundance data with traits capturing different functional niches is critical to the detection of complex functional responses of plant communities to environmental gradients, and demonstrates that patterns of trait divergence and filtering are strongly contingent on both trait and environment.
When and how should intraspecific variability be considered in trait-based plant ecology?
A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities.
A meta-analysis of the relative extent of ITV within and among plant communities worldwide, using a data set encompassing 629 communities (plots) and 36 functional traits highlights global patterns in the relative importance of ITV.
The emergence and promise of functional biogeography
- C. Violle, P. Reich, S. Pacala, B. Enquist, J. Kattge
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 15 September 2014
It is shown how functional biogeography bridges species-basedBiogeography and earth science to provide ideas and tools to help explain gradients in multifaceted diversity (including species, functional, and phylogenetic diversities), predict ecosystem functioning and services worldwide, and infuse regional and global conservation programs with a functional basis.
Phylogenetic limiting similarity and competitive exclusion.
A formal experimental test of the phylogenetic limiting similarity hypothesis using pairs of bacterivorous protist species in a multigenerational experiment supports phylogenetic relatedness as a useful predictor of the outcomes of competitive interactions in ecological communities.