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ARTICLES: The Impact of the Saharan Air Layer on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity.
A deep well-mixed, dry adiabatic layer forms over the Sahara Desert and Shale regions of North Africa during the late spring, summer, and early fall. As this air mass advances westward and emergesExpand
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Environmental Influences on the Rapid Intensification of Hurricane Opal (1995) over the Gulf of Mexico
Abstract Hurricane Opal intensified rapidly and unexpectedly over the Gulf of Mexico between 1800 UTC 3 October and 1000 UTC 4 October 1995. During this period the storm central pressure decreasedExpand
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The Advanced Dvorak Technique: Continued Development of an Objective Scheme to Estimate Tropical Cyclone Intensity Using Geostationary Infrared Satellite Imagery
Abstract Tropical cyclones are becoming an increasing menace to society as populations grow in coastal regions. Forecasting the intensity of these often-temperamental weather systems can be a realExpand
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Upper-Tropospheric Winds Derived from Geostationary Satellite Water Vapor Observations
The coverage and quality of remotely sensed upper-tropospheric moisture parameters have improved considerably with the deployment of a new generation of operational geostationary meteorologicalExpand
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New evidence for a relationship between Atlantic tropical cyclone activity and African dust outbreaks
[1] It is well known that Atlantic tropical cyclone activity varies strongly over time, and that summertime dust transport over the North Atlantic also varies from year to year, but any connectionExpand
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Estimating Hurricane Wind Structure in the Absence of Aircraft Reconnaissance
New objective methods are introduced that use readily available data to estimate various aspects of the two-dimensional surface wind field structure in hurricanes. The methods correlate a variety ofExpand
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The Dvorak Tropical Cyclone Intensity Estimation Technique: A Satellite-Based Method that Has Endured for over 30 Years
The history of meteorology has taught us that weather analysis and prediction usually advances by a series of small, progressive studies. Occasionally, however, a special body of work can accelerateExpand
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Development of an Objective Scheme to Estimate Tropical Cyclone Intensity from Digital Geostationary Satellite Infrared Imagery
TLDR
The standard method for estimating the intensity of tropical cyclones is based on satellite observations (Dvorak technique) and is utilized operationally by tropical analysis centers around the world. Expand
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Satellite-Based Tropical Cyclone Intensity Estimation Using the NOAA-KLM Series Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU)
Abstract Satellite-borne passive microwave radiometers, such as the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) on the NOAA polar-orbiting series, are well suited to monitor tropical cyclones (TCs) byExpand
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Cloud-drift and water vapor winds in the polar regions from MODISIR
TLDR
This study demonstrates the feasibility of deriving high latitude tropospheric wind information from polar-orbiting satellites using the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) infrared window and water vapor bands. Expand
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