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Fundamentals of Hydrofaction™: Renewable crude oil from woody biomass
As a response to the global requirement for renewable transportation fuels that are economically viable and fungible with existing petroleum infrastructure, Steeper Energy is commercializing itsExpand
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Continuous hydrothermal co-liquefaction of aspen wood and glycerol with water phase recirculation
Hydrothermal liquefaction is a promising technology for the conversion of a wide range of bio-feedstock into a biocrude; a mixture of chemical compounds that holds the potential for a renewableExpand
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Co-processing potential of HTL bio-crude at petroleum refineries: Part 1: Fractional distillation and characterization
Abstract This study presents detailed chemical and thermophysical analysis of bio-crude from a continuous hydrothermal liquefaction research plant. Current research on bio-crude focuses mainly onExpand
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Co-processing potential of HTL bio-crude at petroleum refineries. Part 2: A parametric hydrotreating study
Abstract An experimental study on hydrotreatment of ligno-cellulosic hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) bio-crude to achieve a bio-feed compatible for co-processing at a refinery was made to investigateExpand
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Hydrofaction™ of forestry residues to drop-in renewable transportation fuels
Abstract Hydrofaction™ targets the lack of renewable fuel alternatives for heavy transportation by converting forestry residues into drop-in renewable diesel and marine fuel, by supercritical HTL,Expand
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Two-stage alkaline hydrothermal liquefaction of wood to biocrude in a continuous bench-scale system
Feedstock pumpability is one of the main obstacles for continuous processing of biomass through hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), due to their tendency to form heterogeneous slurries. In this work, aExpand
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Full characterization of compounds obtained from fractional distillation and upgrading of a HTL biocrude
Abstract Biocrude from hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass provides a sustainable source from which to produce chemicals and fuels. However, just as for fossil crude, the chemical complexity of theExpand
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Impact of nitrogenous alkaline agent on continuous HTL of lignocellulosic biomass and biocrude upgrading
Abstract Continuous hydrothermal liquefaction (CHTL) of lignocellulosic biomass with subsequent hydrotreating is carried out to study the effect of NH 3 versus NaOH as alkaline HTL catalyst. ProductExpand
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The lunar theories of al-Baghdādī
ConclusionsWe have seen that the first two of al-Baghdādī's three methods originate from his predecessors $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{H}$$ abash and YaExpand
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Validation of Guidelines for CFD Modelling of a Single Tube Row and In-Line Tube Bundles
This paper questions and improves commonly used guidelines for modelling a tube bundle in cross-flow at ReD = 3.4 · 104 and ReD = 1.1 · 105. Especially, when the locations of flow separation are ofExpand