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Effects of healthy aging and early stage dementia of the Alzheimer's type on components of response time distributions in three attention tasks.
TLDR
A critical role of attentional control systems in discriminating healthy aging from early stage DAT is suggested and the utility of RT distribution analyses to better specify the nature of such change is suggested.
The utility of intraindividual variability in selective attention tasks as an early marker for Alzheimer's disease.
TLDR
Results indicated that a measure of intraindividual variability, coefficient of variation (CoV; SD/M), increased across age and early stage DAT.
The semantic priming project
TLDR
These data represent the largest behavioral database on semantic priming and are available to researchers to aid in selecting stimuli, testing theories, and reducing potential confounds in their studies.
Predicting conversion to dementia of the Alzheimer's type in a healthy control sample: the power of errors in Stroop color naming.
TLDR
Notably in the psychometric measures, there was little evidence of a difference in declarative memory between converters and nonconverters, but there was some evidence of changes in visual-spatial processing.
On the additive effects of stimulus quality and word frequency in lexical decision: evidence for opposing interactive influences revealed by RT distributional analyses.
TLDR
The joint effects of stimulus quality and word frequency in lexical decision were examined as a function of nonword type and opposing interactive effects in the underlying distribution were observed, producing apparent additivity in means.
The effectiveness of test-enhanced learning depends on trait test anxiety and working-memory capacity.
TLDR
Chinese-English bilingual undergraduates in Hong Kong acquired Swahili-English word pairs and performed a delayed cued-recall test for all pairs about one week after the acquisition phase, demonstrating a boundary condition for the use of test-enhanced learning.
The relationship between language proficiency and attentional control in Cantonese-English bilingual children: evidence from Simon, Simon switching, and working memory tasks
TLDR
The current findings suggest that bilingual children's L2 proficiency was associated with their conflict resolution and working memory capacity, but not goal maintenance or task-set switching, when they performed the cognitive tasks that demanded attentional control.
Language Training Leads to Global Cognitive Improvement in Older Adults: A Preliminary Study.
TLDR
This is the 1st randomized control study providing preliminary support for the cognitive benefits of FL learning, and improves overall cognitive abilities that were maintained at 3 months after training.
Semantic and repetition priming effects for Deese/Roediger—McDermott (DRM) critical items and associates produced by DRM and unrelated study lists
TLDR
Two lexical decision experiments investigated priming for a critical item and its related yoked associate when one had been studied in a related Deese/Roediger—McDermott (DRM) list or a list of totally unrelated words and the other had been nonstudied.
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