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Extinction risk from climate change
Estimates of extinction risks for sample regions that cover some 20% of the Earth's terrestrial surface show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration.
Rapid Range Shifts of Species Associated with High Levels of Climate Warming
A meta-analysis shows that species are shifting their distributions in response to climate change at an accelerating rate, and that the range shift of each species depends on multiple internal species traits and external drivers of change.
Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Mean global temperatures have risen this century, and further warming is predicted to continue for the next 50–100 years. Some migratory species can respond rapidly to yearly climate variation by
The distributions of a wide range of taxonomic groups are expanding polewards
It is shown that a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species have moved northwards and uphill in Britain over approximately 25 years, mirroring, and in some cases exceeding, the responses of better‐known groups.
Birds extend their ranges northwards
The northern margins of many species have moved further north by an average of 18.9 km during this time, during a period of climatic warming, which is proposed to be causally involved.
Prioritizing multiple-use landscapes for conservation: methods for large multi-species planning problems
This study develops efficient quantitative methods for identifying conservation core areas at large, even national or continental scales, applicable to both fragmented and natural landscape structures, and produce a hierarchical zonation of regional conservation priority.
A northward shift of range margins in British Odonata
Evidence is presented for 37 species of nonmigratory British dragonflies and damselflies shifting northwards at their range margins over the past 40 years, seemingly as a result of climate change.
The impact of proxy‐based methods on mapping the distribution of ecosystem services
An increasing number of studies are examining the distribution and congruence of ecosystem services, often with the goal of identifying areas that will provide multiple ecosystem service 'hotspots'.
Elevation increases in moth assemblages over 42 years on a tropical mountain
Evidence that tropical insect species have already undertaken altitude increases is provided, confirming the global reach of climate change impacts on biodiversity and urging ecologists to seek other historic tropical samples to carry out similar repeat surveys.
Habitat microclimates drive fine‐scale variation in extreme temperatures
Most multicellular terrestrial organisms experience climate at scales of millimetres to metres, yet most species-climate associations are analysed at resolutions of kilometres or more. Because