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Antigen Retrieval Immunohistochemistry: Past, Present, and Future
The antigen retrieval (AR) technique, which is predominantly based on high-temperature heating of tissues, is used as a non-enzymatic pretreatment for immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed,Expand
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Antigen retrieval technique utilizing citrate buffer or urea solution for immunohistochemical demonstration of androgen receptor in formalin-fixed paraffin sections.
We developed a staining protocol for demonstration of androgen receptor (AR) in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. The method is based on the antigen retrieval microwave (MW) heatingExpand
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Prognostic factors in colorectal cancer
Abstract Background.—Under the auspices of the College of American Pathologists, the current state of knowledge regarding pathologic prognostic factors (factors linked to outcome) and predictive fa...
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Antigen Retrieval Techniques
Development of the antigen retrieval (AR) technique, a simple method of boiling archival paraffin-embedded tissue sections in water to enhance the signal of immunohistochemistry (IHC), was the fruitExpand
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Antigen retrieval immunohistochemistry under the influence of pH using monoclonal antibodies.
Antigen retrieval (AR) incorporating high-temperature microwave (MW) heating of tissue sections before immunostaining is a revolutionary technique that can unmask the antigens in formalin-fixedExpand
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Quantification of immunohistochemistry—issues concerning methods, utility and semiquantitative assessment II
Immunohistochemistry is entering its fourth decade of use on formalin‐fixed paraffin‐embedded tissues. Over this period the method has evolved to become a major part of the practice of diagnosticExpand
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Effect of p21WAF1/CIP1 expression on tumor progression in bladder cancer.
BACKGROUND Altered expression of p53 protein is an important predictor of progression in bladder cancer. The action of p53 on cell cycle regulation is mediated, in part, through expression of theExpand
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Protein Extraction from Formalin-fixed, Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections: Quality Evaluation by Mass Spectrometry
A satisfactory protocol of protein extraction has been established based on the heat-induced antigen retrieval (AR) technique widely applied in immunohistochemistry for archival formalin-fixed,Expand
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Comparative study of antigen retrieval heating methods: microwave, microwave and pressure cooker, autoclave, and steamer.
We present a study comparing the most popular heating methods currently used for antigen retrieval (AR) immunostaining: the microwave oven, microwave with pressure cooker, autoclave, and steamerExpand
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This unit describes several methods for localizing specific antigens in various tissue and cell preparations using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Protocols describe preparation of suitable material forExpand
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