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Maternal and child health in Brazil: progress and challenges
- C. Victora, E. M. Aquino, M. Leal, C. Monteiro, F. Barros, C. Szwarcwald
- MedicineThe Lancet
- 28 May 2011
Official statistics show stable maternal mortality ratios during the past 10 years, but modelled data indicate a yearly decrease of 4%, a trend which might not have been noticeable in official reports because of improvements in death registration and the increased number of investigations into deaths of women of reproductive age.
Population-based evidence of a strong decline in the prevalence of smokers in Brazil (1989-2003).
- C. Monteiro, T. Cavalcante, E. C. Moura, R. Claro, C. Szwarcwald
- MedicineBulletin of the World Health Organization
- 1 July 2007
The prevalence of smoking in the adult Brazilian population declined by 35% between 1989 and 2003, or an average of 2.5% per year, which surpasses those seen in other countries that implemented wide-ranging and rigorous policies for controlling smoking during the same period.
Birth in Brazil: national survey into labour and birth
- Maria do Carmo Leal, A. A. D. da Silva, +15 authors C. Szwarcwald
- MedicineReproductive Health
- 22 August 2012
A nationwide study to understand the reasons that lead pregnant women to submit to Caesarean sections and to verify any association between this type of birth and it’s consequences on postnatal health is conducted.
Prevalence of syphilis in pregnancy and prenatal syphilis testing in Brazil: Birth in Brazil study
There was an improvement in prenatal care and testing coverage rate, and the goals suggested by the World Health Organization were achieved in two regions.
Risk Factors Associated With HIV Prevalence Among Female Sex Workers in 10 Brazilian Cities
- G. N. Damacena, C. Szwarcwald, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza Júnior, I. Dourado
- MedicineJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
- 1 August 2011
The use of RDS proved to be appropriate for the recruitment of FSWs as long as the statistical analysis takes into account the dependency structure of observations, and the HIV infection predictors can support public health policies focused on this population group in Brazil.
Healthy lifestyles and access to periodic health exams among Brazilian women.
The results indicate the need to develop health promotion policies focused on modifying the risk habits and risk practices to health, and to stimulate preventive periodic health exams.
Socioeconomic inequalities in the use of outpatient services in Brazil according to health care need: evidence from the World Health Survey
The analysis showed that the social gradient in outpatient services utilization decreases as the need is more intense, indicating an adequate performance of the Brazilian health system in narrowing socioeconomic inequalities in health in the most serious situations of need.
Prevalence and Risk Behaviors for Chlamydial Infection in a Population-Based Study of Female Adolescents in Brazil
- A. Miranda, C. Szwarcwald, R. Peres, K. Page-Shafer
- MedicineSexually transmitted diseases
- 1 September 2004
The need for ongoing STI prevention activities, including STI screening and continued successful risk reduction activities such as condom use to further decrease CT and other STI among adolescents is demonstrated.
Estimation of maternal mortality rates in Brazil, 2008-2011.
- C. Szwarcwald, J. Escalante, D. L. R. Rabello Neto, Paulo Borges de Souza Junior, C. Victora
- MedicineCadernos de saude publica
- 1 August 2014
Results show that rates are higher than the target rate of the fifth Millennium Development Goal, but indicated a significant decrease in MMR during the period 1990 to 2011.
Methodological concerns and recommendations on policy consequences of the World Health Report 2000
This research presents a meta-analyses of the immune system’s response to infectious disease and its role in promoting social and economic well-being in Rio de Janeiro.