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A Simple Type of Wood in Two Early Devonian Plants
The earliest evolution of wood occurred in plants of surprisingly small stature. The advent of wood (secondary xylem) is a major event of the Paleozoic Era, facilitating the evolution of largeExpand
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The Origin and Early Evolution of Roots1
Exceptionally well-preserved fossils shed light on the earliest roots and their interactions with the environment. Geological sites of exceptional fossil preservation are becoming a focus of researchExpand
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Fungal associations in Horneophyton ligneri from the Rhynie Chert (c. 407 million year old) closely resemble those in extant lower land plants: novel insights into ancestral plant-fungus symbioses.
Fungi (Eumycota) form close associations with plants, with which they have co-existed since the dawn of life on land, but their diversity in early terrestrial ecosystems is still poorly understood.Expand
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The origin and evolution of mycorrhizal symbioses: from palaeomycology to phylogenomics.
Contents Summary 1012 I. Introduction 1013 II. The mycorrhizal symbiosis at the dawn and rise of the land flora 1014 III. From early land plants to early trees: the origin of roots and trueExpand
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Early Diverging Fungi: Diversity and Impact at the Dawn of Terrestrial Life.
As decomposers or plant pathogens, fungi deploy invasive growth and powerful carbohydrate active enzymes to reduce multicellular plant tissues to humus and simple sugars. Fungi are perhaps also theExpand
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Evidence of parasitic Oomycetes (Peronosporomycetes) infecting the stem cortex of the Carboniferous seed fern Lyginopteris oldhamia
Thin sections of petrified fossils made during the latter part of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to investigate the internal tissue systems of plants now provide an important new sourceExpand
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Mycorrhization of fossil and living plants
Abstract The widespread mycorrhization together with the fossil record indicate that plants and fungi have evolved in mycorrhizal relationship since the colonization of land by early plants. InExpand
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The earliest wood and its hydraulic properties documented in c. 407-million-year-old fossils using synchrotron microtomography
We document xylem structure and hydraulic properties in the earliest woody plant Armoricaphyton chateaupannense gen. nov. & sp. nov. based on c. 407-million-year-old fossils from the ArmoricanExpand
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A New Chytridiomycete Fungus Intermixed with Crustacean Resting Eggs in a 407-Million-Year-Old Continental Freshwater Environment
The 407-million-year-old Rhynie Chert (Scotland) contains the most intact fossilised remains of an early land-based ecosystem including plants, arthropods, fungi and other microorganisms. AlthoughExpand
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