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The rumen bacteria
This chapter will deal mainly with the characteristics of bacteria from the rumen that have been successfully cultivated in the laboratory. For some ecosystems, particularly those dominated byExpand
The microbiology of butyrate formation in the human colon.
Butyrate arising from microbial fermentation is important for the energy metabolism and normal development of colonic epithelial cells and has a mainly protective role in relation to colonic disease.Expand
Phylogenetic Relationships of Butyrate-Producing Bacteria from the Human Gut
ABSTRACT Butyrate is a preferred energy source for colonic epithelial cells and is thought to play an important role in maintaining colonic health in humans. In order to investigate the diversity andExpand
Factors affecting the cellulolytic activity of rumen contents.
  • C. Stewart
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Applied and environmental microbiology
  • 1 March 1977
The cellulolytic activity of rumen contents was assayed by measuring losses in weight and tensile strength of cotton yarn incubated in rumen contents in the presence of dietary additives (barley,Expand
Acetate Utilization and Butyryl Coenzyme A (CoA):Acetate-CoA Transferase in Butyrate-Producing Bacteria from the Human Large Intestine
ABSTRACT Seven strains of Roseburia sp., Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, and Coprococcus sp. from the human gut that produce high levels of butyric acid in vitro were studied with respect to keyExpand
Growth requirements and fermentation products of Fusobacterium prausnitzii, and a proposal to reclassify it as Faecalibacterium prausnitzii gen. nov., comb. nov.
Two newly isolated strains of obligately anaerobic bacteria from human faeces are shown here to be related to Fusobacterium prausnitzii, which is regarded as one of the most abundant colonizers ofExpand
Roseburia intestinalis sp. nov., a novel saccharolytic, butyrate-producing bacterium from human faeces.
Five strains of butyrate-producing, anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria were isolated from human faecal material. These strains were slightly curved rods that showed motility by means of multipleExpand
Bacterial diversity within the equine large intestine as revealed by molecular analysis of cloned 16S rRNA genes
The molecular diversity of the microflora present within the equine large intestine was investigated through the analysis of PCR-amplified 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences. Total genomic DNA,Expand
Molecular Analysis of the Microbial Diversity Present in the Colonic Wall, Colonic Lumen, and Cecal Lumen of a Pig
ABSTRACT Random clones of 16S ribosomal DNA gene sequences were isolated after PCR amplification with eubacterial primers from total genomic DNA recovered from samples of the colonic lumen, colonicExpand
Microbe-microbe interactions
The previous chapters have shown that the rumen harbours a large number of different species of bacteria, phycomycete fungi and protozoa. Metabolic interactions between these different populationsExpand