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Ankle brachial index combined with Framingham Risk Score to predict cardiovascular events and mortality: a meta-analysis.
CONTEXT Prediction models to identify healthy individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease have limited accuracy. A low ankle brachial index (ABI) is an indicator of atherosclerosis and has theExpand
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Metabolic Syndrome and 10-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk in the Hoorn Study
Background—Different definitions of the metabolic syndrome have been proposed. Their value in a clinical setting to assess cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is still unclear. We compared theExpand
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Depression and the risk for cardiovascular diseases: systematic review and meta analysis
Depression and cardiovascular diseases are both common among elderly. Depression is suspected to be an independent risk factor for the onset of coronary heart disease, yet it is not clear to whatExpand
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Arterial stiffness in diabetes and the metabolic syndrome: a pathway to cardiovascular disease
Increased arterial stiffness associated with diabetes and the metabolic syndrome may in part explain the increased cardiovascular disease risk observed in these conditions. Arterial stiffness can beExpand
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Associations of hip and thigh circumferences independent of waist circumference with the incidence of type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn Study.
BACKGROUND The higher risk of type 2 diabetes in persons with a high waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) or waist-to-thigh ratio (WTR) has mostly been attributed to increased visceral fat accumulation. However,Expand
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C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, and cardiovascular disease prediction.
BACKGROUND There is debate about the value of assessing levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and other biomarkers of inflammation for the prediction of first cardiovascular events. METHODS WeExpand
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Mild renal insufficiency is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality: The Hoorn Study.
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular mortality is extremely high in end-stage renal disease. Cardiovascular mortality risk also is increased in selected (high-risk) individuals with mild to moderate impairmentExpand
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Blood pressure, lipids, and obesity are associated with retinopathy: the hoorn study.
OBJECTIVE To study potential risk factors for retinopathy in diabetic and nondiabetic individuals. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Hoorn Study is a population-based study including 2,484 50- toExpand
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Vascular complications in diabetes mellitus: the role of endothelial dysfunction.
The endothelium is a complex organ with a multitude of properties essential for control of vascular functions. Dysfunction of the vascular endothelium is regarded as an important factor in theExpand
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Inflammatory markers, adiponectin, and risk of type 2 diabetes in the Pima Indian.
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between adiponectin, a known predictor of diabetes in Pima Indians, and markers of inflammation and endothelial function in nondiabetic subjects and to assessExpand
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