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Seeds from the Middle Stone Age layers at Sibudu Cave
- C. Sievers
- Environmental Science, Geography
- 1 November 2006
Carbonized seeds, nuts and the stones of fruits are present in Middle Stone Age (MSA) layers at Sibudu Cave from more than ~60 ka ago to about ~37 ka ago. In spite of the preservation of at least 66…
Middle Stone Age Bedding Construction and Settlement Patterns at Sibudu, South Africa
- L. Wadley, C. Sievers, M. Bamford, P. Goldberg, F. Berna, Christopher E. Miller
- Environmental ScienceScience
- 9 December 2011
The Middle Stone Age (MSA) is associated with early behavioral innovations, expansions of modern humans within and out of Africa, and occasional population bottlenecks and may coincide with population fluctuations in Africa.
Multiproxy record of late Quaternary climate change and Middle Stone Age human occupation at Wonderkrater, South Africa
Going underground : experimental carbonization of fruiting structures under hearths
New Excavations at Border Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
- L. Backwell, F. d’Errico, L. Wadley
- Geography, Environmental ScienceJournal of Field Archaeology
- 18 August 2018
ABSTRACT New excavations at Border Cave use high-resolution techniques, including FT-IR, for sediment samples and thin sections of micromorphology blocks from stratigraphy. These show that sediments…
BUSHMAN ROCK SHELTER (LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA): A PERSPECTIVE FROM THE EDGE OF THE HIGHVELD
In this paper, we introduce a recently initiated research project conducted at Bushman Rock Shelter, on the northeastern edge of the Highveld plateau in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Previous…
Nuts for dinner? Cladium mariscus in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa
- C. Sievers
- Environmental Science
- 19 January 2015
The sedge, Cladium mariscus, has been identified in Middle Stone Age deposits at the shelter Sibudu, South Africa, where the leaves were used as “bedding” – an informal floor covering for various…
Cooked starchy rhizomes in Africa 170 thousand years ago
Evidence for geophyte exploitation by early humans from at least 170,000 years ago is reported, suggesting that Hypoxis rhizomes could have been a ready and reliable carbohydrate source for Homo sapiens in Africa, perhaps facilitating the mobility of human populations.
Fire and grass-bedding construction 200 thousand years ago at Border Cave, South Africa
The authors speculate that the ash may have been deliberately used in bedding to inhibit the movement of ticks and other arthropod irritants, extending the record of deliberate construction of plant bedding by at least 100,000 years.