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Seeds from the Middle Stone Age layers at Sibudu Cave
Carbonized seeds, nuts and the stones of fruits are present in Middle Stone Age (MSA) layers at Sibudu Cave from more than ~60 ka ago to about ~37 ka ago. In spite of the preservation of at least 66Expand
Middle Stone Age Bedding Construction and Settlement Patterns at Sibudu, South Africa
Early humans constructed sleeping mats from local plants, including some with insecticidal properties. The Middle Stone Age (MSA) is associated with early behavioral innovations, expansions of modernExpand
Multiproxy record of late Quaternary climate change and Middle Stone Age human occupation at Wonderkrater, South Africa
Here we provide a multiproxy record of climate change and human occupation at Wonderkrater, a spring and peat mound site situated in the interior of southern Africa. Recently extracted sediment coresExpand
Going underground : experimental carbonization of fruiting structures under hearths
We show that carbonized fruits and seeds recovered from Middle Stone Age deposits in rock shelters are likely to have been carbonized as part of post-depositional processes. We buried indigenousExpand
New Excavations at Border Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
ABSTRACT New excavations at Border Cave use high-resolution techniques, including FT-IR, for sediment samples and thin sections of micromorphology blocks from stratigraphy. These show that sedimentsExpand
In this paper, we introduce a recently initiated research project conducted at Bushman Rock Shelter, on the northeastern edge of the Highveld plateau in Limpopo Province, South Africa. PreviousExpand
Nuts for dinner? Cladium mariscus in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa
The sedge, Cladium mariscus, has been identified in Middle Stone Age deposits at the shelter Sibudu, South Africa, where the leaves were used as “bedding” – an informal floor covering for variousExpand
Cooked starchy rhizomes in Africa 170 thousand years ago
Middle Stone Age cooking Early evidence of cooked starchy plant food is sparse, yet the consumption of starchy roots is likely to have been a key innovation in the human diet. Wadley et al. reportExpand
An experimental micromorphological investigation of bedding construction in the Middle Stone Age of Sibudu, South Africa
Abstract We conducted experiments to compare the micromorphological signatures of modern burnt sedge and grass bedding to laminated layers of carbonized material and phytoliths in Middle Stone AgeExpand
Underground transfer of carbonised organic residues to lithics during preliminary fire experiments: implications for archaeology
Using fire experiments, we investigate claims that black organic residues on lithics found in Stone Age sites are markers for heat treatment of rocks in the embers of aboveground wood fires. WeExpand