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DIVERSIFICATION OF RAINFOREST FAUNAS: An Integrated Molecular Approach
TLDR
The current major hypotheses are outlined, predictions relevant to integrated molecular approaches are developed, and the current evidence is evaluated, focusing on central African, Australian, and South American systems. Expand
The genome of the green anole lizard and a comparative analysis with birds and mammals
TLDR
Comparative gene analysis shows that amniote egg proteins have evolved significantly more rapidly than other proteins, and an anole phylogeny resolves basal branches to illuminate the history of their repeated adaptive radiations. Expand
INTEGRATING PHYLOGENETICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL NICHE MODELS TO EXPLORE SPECIATION MECHANISMS IN DENDROBATID FROGS
TLDR
An approach that combines distribution data, environmental geographic information system layers, environmental niche models, and phylogenetic information to investigate speciation processes is developed and will be increasingly useful as knowledge of distribution and phylogeny of tropical species increases. Expand
Comparative phylogeography and the history of endemic vertebrates in the Wet Tropics rainforests of Australia
TLDR
The historical processes of extinction and (re)colonization revealed by the comparative phylogeographic analysis of mtDNA sequences substantiate earlier suggestions that current regional patterns of species distribution and diversity in the Wet Tropics are largely determined by local extinctions and subsequent recolonization driven by Quaternary climate changes. Expand
Local Endemism Within the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka Biodiversity Hotspot
TLDR
It is shown, using molecular phylogenies of two invertebrate and four vertebrate groups, that biotic interchange between these areas has been much more limited than hitherto assumed. Expand
Acoustic divergence in two cryptic Hipposideros species: a role for social selection?
TLDR
It is suggested that acoustic divergence in these species is a consequence of social selection for a clear communication channel, which is mediated by the close link between the acoustic signal and receptor systems imposed by the highly specialized nature of the hipposiderid and rhinolophid echolocation system. Expand
A test of alternative models of diversification in tropical rainforests: ecological gradients vs. rainforest refugia.
TLDR
It is indicated that natural selection operating across ecological gradients can be more important than geographic isolation in similar habitats in generating phenotypic diversity and selection is sufficiently strong to overcome the homogenizing effects of gene flow, a necessary first step toward speciation in continuously distributed populations. Expand
Latitude, elevational climatic zonation and speciation in New World vertebrates
TLDR
This study quantifies overlap in the climatic distributions of 93 pairs of sister species of mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles restricted to either the New World tropics or to the Northern temperate zone to suggest evolutionary conservatism in the thermal niches of tropical taxa, coupled with the greater thermal zonation of tropical mountains, may result in increased opportunities for allopatric isolation, speciation and the accumulation of species in tropical montane regions. Expand
Phylogeny and phylogeography of Old World fruit bats in the Cynopterus brachyotis complex.
Taxonomic relationships within the Old World fruit bat genus, Cynopterus, have been equivocal for the better part of a century. While nomenclature has been revised multiple times on the basis ofExpand
EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITHIN THE ENSATINA ESCHSCHOLTZII COMPLEX CONFIRM THE RING SPECIES INTERPRETATION
TLDR
Division of this complex into separate species on the basis of the observed patterns of monophyly for mitochondrial DNA is unwarranted because further sampling could reveal additional instances of paraphyly across subspecies and, more generally, because mtDNA alone should not be used to infer species boundaries. Expand
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