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Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.
Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from this
The structure of psychological well-being revisited.
Comparisons with other frequently used indicators demonstrated that the latter neglect key aspects of positive functioning emphasized in theories of health and well-being, while the proposed 6-factor model was superior in fit over single-factor and other artifactual models.
Beyond Ponce de Leon and Life Satisfaction: New Directions in Quest of Successful Ageing
Previous approaches to the study of successful ageing are reviewed. It is argued that there has been an absence of theory guiding this research; an implicit negativism in the proposed conceptions of
Know Thyself and Become What You Are: A Eudaimonic Approach to Psychological Well-Being
In an effort to strengthen conceptual foundations of eudaimonic well-being, key messages from Aristotle’s Nichomacean Ethics are revisited. Also examined are ideas about positive human functioning
Psychological Well-Being Revisited: Advances in the Science and Practice of Eudaimonia
  • C. Ryff
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
  • 19 November 2013
This article reviews research and interventions that have grown up around a model of psychological well-being generated more than two decades ago to address neglected aspects of positive functioning
Psychological Well-Being in Adult Life
in magnitude of research?studies of psychological problems dwarf the literature on positive psychological functioning?and in the meaning of basic terms (e.g., typical usage equates health with the
Optimizing well-being: the empirical encounter of two traditions.
The probability of optimal well-being (high SWB and PWB) increased as age, education, extraversion, and conscientiousness increased and as neuroticism decreased; adults with higher SWB than PWB were younger, had more education, and showed more openness to experience.
The Contours of Positive Human Health
The primary objectives of this article are (a) to put forth an explicit operational formulation of positive human health that goes beyond prevailing "absence of illness" criteria; (b) to clarify that
In the eye of the beholder: views of psychological well-being among middle-aged and older adults.
  • C. Ryff
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychology and aging
  • 1 June 1989
Middle-aged respondents stressed self-confidence, self-acceptance, and self-knowledge, whereas older persons cited accepting change as an important quality of positive functioning, in addition to attention to positive relations with others as an index of well-being.
Psychological well-being: meaning, measurement, and implications for psychotherapy research.
A model of positive psychological functioning that emerges from diverse domains of theory and philosophy is presented and implications of the focus on positive functioning for research on psychotherapy, quality of life, and mind/body linkages are reviewed.