• Publications
  • Influence
Are Recessions Good for Your Health?
TLDR
The possible importance of cyclical variations in the time costs of medical care or healthy lifestyles and of negative health effects of job-holding are suggested. Expand
Parental Employment and Child Cognitive Development
  • C. Ruhm
  • The Journal of Human Resources
  • 1 April 2000
Maternal employment during the first three years of the child’s life has a small deleterious effect on estimated verbal ability of three- and fouryear- olds and a larger negative impact on readingExpand
Healthy Living in Hard Times
  • C. Ruhm
  • Medicine
  • Journal of health economics
  • 1 February 2003
TLDR
It is shown that smoking and excess weight decline during temporary economic downturns while leisure-time physical activity rises, and changes in behaviors supply one mechanism for the procyclical variation in mortality and morbidity observed in recent research. Expand
The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe
This study investigates the economic consequences of rights to paid parental leave in nine European countries over the 1969 through 1993 period. Since women use virtually all parental leave in mostExpand
Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?
Abstract Prekindergarten programs are expanding rapidly but evidence on their effects is limited. Using rich data from Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, we estimate the effects of prekindergartenExpand
Are Workers Permanently Scarred by Job Displacements
This paper investigates whether workers suffer lasting "scars" following job displacements. Using David T. Ellwood's (1982) terminology, "scars" represent persistent effects, whereas "blemishes" areExpand
Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development
  • C. Ruhm
  • Economics, Medicine
  • Labour economics
  • 1 August 2004
TLDR
The results suggest that limited market work benefits youths who are relatively "disadvantaged" and even long hours, which occur infrequently, are unlikely to leave them much worse off. Expand
Economic causes and consequences of obesity.
TLDR
Underlying economic causes behind the obesity epidemic are examined, such as technological advancements, and economic consequences of obesity, including increasing obesity-related medical expenditures are described, and the role of government in combating the epidemic is discussed. Expand
Good times make you sick.
  • C. Ruhm
  • Medicine
  • Journal of health economics
  • 1 July 2003
TLDR
There is a counter-cyclical variation in physical health that is especially pronounced for individuals of prime-working age, employed persons, and males, and there is some suggestion that mental health may be procyclical, in sharp contrast to physical well-being. Expand
Inequality in Preschool Education and School Readiness
Attendance in U.S. preschools has risen substantially in recent decades, but gaps in enrollment between children from advantaged and disadvantaged families remain. Using data from the Early ChildhoodExpand
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