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Common mental health problems in immigrants and refugees: general approach in primary care
Systematic inquiry into patients’ migration trajectory and subsequent follow-up on culturally appropriate indicators of social, vocational and family functioning over time will allow clinicians to recognize problems in adaptation and undertake mental health promotion, disease prevention or treatment interventions in a timely way. Expand
Diagnosis and classification of disorders specifically associated with stress: proposals for ICD‐11
Proposals include a narrower concept for PTSD that does not allow the diagnosis to be made based entirely on non‐specific symptoms, a new complex PTSD category that comprises three clusters of intra‐ and interpersonal symptoms in addition to core PTSD symptoms, and a new diagnosis of prolonged grief disorder. Expand
Proposals for mental disorders specifically associated with stress in the International Classification of Diseases-11
Changes in the category of mental disorders specifi cally associated with stress are important because of questions about the validity of surveys showing a high rate of these diagnoses in populations who have experienced natural or man-made disasters, and about whether these diag noses are clinically useful in terms of leading to feasible and eff ective treatment. Expand
Evidence-based clinical guidelines for immigrants and refugees
(see Appendix 2, available at [www.cmaj.ca/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1503/cmaj.090313/-/DC1][1] for summary of recommendations and clinical considerations) There are more than 200 millionExpand
The Complexity of Determining Refugeehood: A Multidisciplinary Analysis of the Decision‐making Process of the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board
Refugee determination is one of the most complex adjudication functions in industrialized societies. In Canada, despite a relatively broad recognition rate and a teleological interpretation of theExpand
A review of current evidence regarding the ICD-11 proposals for diagnosing PTSD and complex PTSD.
A review of studies conducted to test the validity and implications of the diagnostic proposals generally supports the proposed 3-factor structure of PTSD symptoms, the 6-Factor structure of Complex PTSD symptoms; and the distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD. Expand
Evaluation of a classroom program of creative expression workshops for refugee and immigrant children.
OBJECTIVE This evaluative study assessed the effect of a creative expression program designed to prevent emotional and behavioral problems and to enhance self-esteem in immigrant and refugee childrenExpand
Classroom Drama Therapy Program for Immigrant and Refugee Adolescents: A Pilot Study
Although there were no reported improvement in self-esteem or emotional and behavioral symptoms, the adolescents in the experimental group reported lower mean levels of impairment by symptoms than those in the control group, when baseline data were controlled for. Expand
Trauma and Extended Separation from Family among Latin American and African Refugees in Montreal
The qualitative and quantitative analyses of data gathered from 113 refugees from Latin America and Africa suggest that the joint occurrence of trauma and separation has a significant impact on emotional distress and confirm that the family plays a key role as an anchor of emotion and identity. Expand
Remaking family life: strategies for re-establishing continuity among Congolese refugees during the family reunification process.
The results suggest that family separation can be understood as an ambiguous loss, in that the temporary absence of other family members cannot be fully acknowledged because of the perpetual uncertainty and permanent risk to them. Expand