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The will and the ways: development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope.
Defining hope as a cognitive set that is composed of a reciprocally derived sense of successful (a) agency (goal-directed determination) and (b) pathways (planning of ways to meet goals), anExpand
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TARGET ARTICLE: Hope Theory: Rainbows in the Mind
Hope is defined as the perceived capability to derive pathways to desired goals, and motivate oneself via agency thinking to use those pathways. The adult and child hope scales that are derived fromExpand
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Development and validation of the State Hope Scale.
Defining hope as a cognitive set comprising agency (belief in one's capacity to initiate and sustain actions) and pathways (belief in one's capacity to generate routes) to reach goals, the Hope ScaleExpand
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The development and validation of the Children's Hope Scale.
Assuming that children are goal-oriented, it is suggested that their thoughts are related to two components--agency and pathways. Agency thoughts reflect the perception that children can initiate andExpand
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The Psychology of Hope: You Can Get There from Here
In this compelling look at the psychology of hope, C.R. Snyder provides insights into the personality of the highly hopeful individual. Drawing on inspiring clinical cases, as well as his seminalExpand
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Dispositional forgiveness of self, others, and situations.
Six studies regarding forgiveness are presented. The Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS), a self-report measure of dispositional forgiveness (with subscales to assess forgiveness of self, others, andExpand
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Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Nurturing Hope
Hope is defined as the process of thinking about one's goals, along with the motivation to move toward (agency) and the ways to achieve (pathways) those goals. After discussing other relatedExpand
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Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications.
Theorizing: C.R. Snyder, Hypothesis: There is Hope. Developing and Deteriorating: C.R. Snyder, Genesis: The Birth and Growth of Hope. A. Rodriguez-Hanley and C.R. Snyder, The Demise of Hope: OnExpand
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Attention and cognitive control.
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Hope and Academic Success in College.
A cognitive, motivational theory is introduced to the educational research community. Hope theory integrates the conceptualization of goals, along with the strategies to achieve those goalsExpand
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