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Fungus-growing ants use antibiotic-producing bacteria to control garden parasites
The well-studied, ancient and highly evolved mutualism between fungus-growing ants and their fungi has become a model system in the study of symbiosis. Although it is thought at present to involveExpand
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The agricultural pathology of ant fungus gardens.
Gardens of fungus-growing ants (Formicidae: Attini) traditionally have been thought to be free of microbial parasites, with the fungal mutualist maintained in nearly pure "monocultures." We conductedExpand
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Northern forestry and carabids: the case for concern about old-growth species
Spence, J. & Currie, C., Department of Biological Sciences, CW-405A BiologicalSciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta Canada T6G 2E3Carcamo, H., Department of Biological Sciences,Expand
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Ancient Tripartite Coevolution in the Attine Ant-Microbe Symbiosis
The symbiosis between fungus-growing ants and the fungi they cultivate for food has been shaped by 50 million years of coevolution. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that this long coevolutionaryExpand
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Weeding and grooming of pathogens in agriculture by ants
The ancient mutualism between fungus-growing ants and the fungi they cultivate for food is a textbook example of symbiosis. Fungus–growing ants' ability to cultivate fungi depends on protection ofExpand
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Experimental evidence of a tripartite mutualism: bacteria protect ant fungus gardens from specialized parasites
Symbioses shape all levels of biological organization. Although symbiotic interactions are typically viewed as bipartite associations, with two organisms interacting largely in isolation from otherExpand
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The Origin of the Attine Ant-Fungus Mutualism
Cultivation of fungus for food originated about 45-65 million years ago in the ancestor of fungus-growing ants (Formicidae, tribe Attini), representing an evolutionary transition from the life of aExpand
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An Insect Herbivore Microbiome with High Plant Biomass-Degrading Capacity
Herbivores can gain indirect access to recalcitrant carbon present in plant cell walls through symbiotic associations with lignocellulolytic microbes. A paradigmatic example is the leaf-cutter antExpand
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Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile)
Ants are some of the most abundant and familiar animals on Earth, and they play vital roles in most terrestrial ecosystems. Although all ants are eusocial, and display a variety of complex andExpand
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The Complete Genome Sequence of Fibrobacter succinogenes S85 Reveals a Cellulolytic and Metabolic Specialist
Fibrobacter succinogenes is an important member of the rumen microbial community that converts plant biomass into nutrients usable by its host. This bacterium, which is also one of only twoExpand
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