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Efficiency of model‐based Bayesian methods for detecting hybrid individuals under different hybridization scenarios and with different numbers of loci
TLDR
The method of structure seemed to be less sensitive to the proportion of hybrids included in the sample, while newhybrids seemed to perform slightly better when individuals from both backcross and F1 hybrid classes were present inThe sample, however, separating backcrosses from purebred parental individuals requires a considerable genotyping effort, even when divergence between parental populations is high.
Expressed sequence tag-linked microsatellites as a source of gene-associated polymorphisms for detecting signatures of divergent selection in atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.).
TLDR
The results demonstrate that EST-linked microsatellites in the untranslated regions of expressed sequence tags provide an efficient strategy for discovering functional polymorphisms, especially in nonmodel organisms.
Single‐nucleotide polymorphism characterization in species with limited available sequence information: high nucleotide diversity revealed in the avian genome
TLDR
Higher nucleotide diversity in the avian genome could be due to the relatively older age of flycatcher populations, compared with humans, and/or a higher long‐term effective population size.
High degree of population subdivision in a widespread amphibian
TLDR
The high level of substructuring is puzzling in the face of an apparently high dispersal capacity, as evidenced by the rather rapid recolonization of northern Europe, and suggests that processes other than restricted dispersal Capacity need to be explored as explanations for the high degree of population subdivision in amphibians.
Sex-dependent dominance at a single locus maintains variation in age at maturity in salmon
TLDR
This work identifies a large effect locus controlling age at maturity in Atlantic salmon, an important fitness trait in which selection favours earlier maturation in males than females, and shows it is a clear example of sex-dependent dominance that reduces intralocus sexual conflict and maintains adaptive variation in wild populations.
A wide‐range survey of cross‐species microsatellite amplification in birds
TLDR
It is envisaged that microsatellite cross‐species amplification will be a useful tool in phylogeny construction and in species identification, and the established relationship between performance and evolutionary distance agrees very well with data obtained from some mammalian species.
Resolving genetic relationships with microsatellite markers: a parentage testing system for the swallow Hirundo rustica
TLDR
Eight polymorphic microsatellite markers from the swallow were isolated and characterized and a single male from the other families in the colony was identified as the most likely father for nine of the 13 extra‐pair offspring.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF PATERNITY AND TAIL ORNAMENTATION IN THE BARN SWALLOW (HIRUNDO RUSTICA)
TLDR
There is a causal, positive relationship between male tail length and paternity and this study shows that female choice is a component of selection for larger male ornaments.
Genomics and the challenging translation into conservation practice.
TLDR
Before the real-world conservation potential of genomic research can be realized, current infrastructures need to be modified, methods must mature, analytical pipelines need to been developed, and successful case studies must be disseminated to practitioners.
Fitness loss and germline mutations in barn swallows breeding in Chernobyl
TLDR
Heritability estimates indicate that mutations causing albinism were at least partly of germline origin, and evidence for an increased germline mutation rate was obtained from segregation analysis at two hypervariable microsatellite loci, indicating that mutation events in barn swallows from Chernobyl were two- to tenfold higher than in birds from control areas in Ukraine and Italy.
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