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Super ENSO and Global Climate Oscillations at Millennial Time Scales
The late Pleistocene history of seawater temperature and salinity variability in the western tropical Pacific warm pool is reconstructed from oxygen isotope (δ18O) and magnesium/calcium composition
The Late Paleozoic Ice Age: An Evolving Paradigm
The late Paleozoic icehouse was the longest-lived ice age of the Phanerozoic, and its demise constitutes the only recorded turnover to a greenhouse state. This review summarizes evidence for the
Simulation of the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum
Proxy data constraining land and ocean surface paleo‐temperatures indicate that the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum (MMCO), a global warming event at ∼15 Ma, had a global annual mean surface
Influence of the Andes Mountains on South American moisture transport, convection, and precipitation
Mountain ranges are known to have a first-order control on mid-latitude climate, but previous studies have shown that the Andes have little effect on the large-scale circulation over South America.
Initiation and Evolution of Plate Tectonics on Earth : Theories and Observations
The inception of plate tectonics on Earth and its subsequent evolution are discussed on the basis of theoretical considerations and observational constraints. The likelihood of plate tectonics in the
General circulation model simulation of the δ18O content of continental precipitation in the middle Cretaceous: A model-proxy comparison
We use the GENESIS atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) with water isotopic transport and fractionation capabilities to quantify the influence of atmospheric CO 2 , sea level, and elevation of
Factors that inhibit snowball Earth simulation
[1] A coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model with a thermodynamic sea-ice model, the Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model version 1.5, is used to investigate the factors that inhibit the
Response of the Mid-Cretaceous global oceanic circulation to tectonic and CO2 forcings
The mid-Cretaceous was a period of unusually active tectonism that drove enhanced volcanic outgassing and high seafloor spreading rates. This intense tectonic activity is coincident with dramatic