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Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
TLDR
It is shown that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west Europeanhunter-gatherer related ancestry.
The genetic history of Ice Age Europe
Modern humans arrived in Europe ~45,000 years ago, but little is known about their genetic composition before the start of farming ~8,500 years ago. We analyze genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from
The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe
TLDR
It is shown that southeastern Europe continued to be a nexus between east and west after the arrival of farmers, with intermittent genetic contact with steppe populations occurring up to 2,000 years earlier than the migrations from the steppe that ultimately replaced much of the population of northern Europe.
Ancient Genomics and the Peopling of the Southwest Pacific
TLDR
The finding that the ancient individuals had little to no Papuan ancestry implies that later human population movements spread Papuan Ancestry through the South Pacific after the first peopling of the islands.
Deeply divergent archaic mitochondrial genome provides lower time boundary for African gene flow into Neanderthals
TLDR
It is demonstrated that a complete Neanderthal mtDNA replacement is feasible over this time interval even with minimal hominin introgression, and the highly divergent HST branch is indicative of greater mtDNA diversity during the Middle Pleistocene than in later periods.
Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans
TLDR
It is shown that Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar, having at least three-quarters of their ancestry from the first Neolithic farmers of western Anatolia and the Aegean, and most of the remainder from ancient populations related to those of the Caucasus and Iran.
Genetic history from the Middle Neolithic to present on the Mediterranean island of Sardinia
TLDR
Genome-wide capture data is generated for 70 individuals from Sardinia spanning the Middle Neolithic to Medieval period to reveal relationships with mainland European populations shifting over time.
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