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Abrupt weakening of the summer monsoon in northwest India ∼4100 yr ago
Climate change has been suggested as a possible cause for the decline of urban centers of the Indus Civilization ~4000 yr ago, but extant paleoclimatic evidence has been derived from locations well
Indian winter and summer monsoon strength over the 4.2 ka BP event in foraminifer isotope records from the Indus River delta in the Arabian Sea
Abstract. The plains of northwest South Asia receive rainfall during both the Indian summer (June–September) and winter (December–March) monsoon. Researchers have long attempted to deconstruct the
Intensified summer monsoon and the urbanization of Indus Civilization in northwest India
TLDR
These findings provide evidence that climate change was associated with both the expansion and contraction of Indus urbanism along the desert margin in northwest India.
‘Multi-cropping’, Intercropping and Adaptation to Variable Environments in Indus South Asia
TLDR
It is argued that nuanced interpretations of the evidence provided by the combinations of crop seeds and weeds present in specific contexts and phases of occupation can reveal much about Indus cropping strategies, which enables consideration of issues related to adaptation, intensification and resilience in the face of changing social, political, economic and environmental climates.
Journey to the east: Diverse routes and variable flowering times for wheat and barley en route to prehistoric China
TLDR
Investigating when barley cultivation dispersed from southwest Asia to regions of eastern Asia and how the eastern spring barley evolved in this context indicates that the eastern dispersals of wheat and barley were distinct in both space and time.
Adaptation to Variable Environments, Resilience to Climate Change: Investigating Land, Water and Settlement in Indus Northwest India
This paper explores the nature and dynamics of adaptation and resilience in the face of a diverse and varied environmental and ecological context using the case study of South Asia’s Indus
Quantitative historical analysis uncovers a single dimension of complexity that structures global variation in human social organization
TLDR
A database of historical and archaeological information from 30 regions around the world over the last 10,000 years revealed that characteristics, such as social scale, economy, features of governance, and information systems, show strong evolutionary relationships with each other and that complexity of a society across different world regions can be meaningfully measured using a single principal component of variation.
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