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Triarchic conceptualization of psychopathy: Developmental origins of disinhibition, boldness, and meanness
Alternative historic descriptions of the disorder together with empirical findings for the best-established assessment instruments in use with adolescents and youth are reviewed as a basis for formulating an integrative, triarchic model of psychopathy.
Etiologic connections among substance dependence, antisocial behavior, and personality: modeling the externalizing spectrum.
A hierarchical biometric model is presented of the origins of comorbidity among substance dependence, antisocial behavior, and a disinhibited personality style, and it is offered as a novel target for future research to reconcile evidence for general and specific causal factors within the externalizing spectrum.
Factor structure of the psychopathic personality inventory: validity and implications for clinical assessment.
A factor analysis of the subscales of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory yielded evidence for 2 factors, including positive correlations with antisocial behavior and substance abuse, negative correlations with socioeconomic status and verbal ability, and personality characteristics including high negative emotionally and low behavioral constraint.
Development and validation of a brief form of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire.
Efforts to develop and validate a brief (155-item) form of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire, the MPQ-BF, which was evidenced by uniformly high correlations between the brief- and full-form trait scales and consistency of higher order structures.
Emotion and psychopathy: startling new insights.
  • C. Patrick
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • 1 July 1994
Evidence is presented to demonstrate that the literature that indicates that criminal psychopaths do not show the expected potentiation of the startle reflex that normally occurs during processing of aversive stimuli such as unpleasant photographs or punishment cues is reviewed.
The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP): A Dimensional Alternative to Traditional Nosologies
The HiTOP promises to improve research and clinical practice by addressing the aforementioned shortcomings of traditional nosologies and provides an effective way to summarize and convey information on risk factors, etiology, pathophysiology, phenomenology, illness course, and treatment response.
Emotion in the criminal psychopath: startle reflex modulation.
The results suggest an abnormality in the processing of emotional stimuli by psychopaths that manifests itself independently of affective report, with startle responses largest during unpleasant slides and smallest during pleasant slides.
Psychopathic Personality
This comprehensive review addresses what psychopathy is, whether variants or subtypes exist, the sorts of causal influences that contribute to psychopathy, how early in development psychopathy can validly be identified, and how psychopathy relates to future criminal behavior and treatment outcomes and provides an integrative descriptive framework--the triarchic model--to help the reader make sense of differing conceptualizations.
Identifying psychopathy subtypes on the basis of personality structure.
The authors used model-based cluster analysis to identify subtypes of criminal psychopaths on the basis of differences in personality structure, and suggested that psychopaths as defined by the PCL-R includes distinct subtypes, distinguishable in terms of personality structure.