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The T-box transcription factor Brachyury promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition in human tumor cells.
TLDR
Overexpression of Brachyury in human carcinoma cells induced changes characteristic of EMT, including upregulation of mesenchymal markers, downregulation of epithelial markers, and an increase in cell migration and invasion. Expand
IL-8 signaling plays a critical role in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of human carcinoma cells.
TLDR
The results emphasize the potential role of EMT in the modulation of the tumor microenvironment via secretion of multiple soluble mediators and suggest that IL-8 signaling blockade may provide a means of targeting mesenchymal-like, invasive tumor cells. Expand
Sublethal Irradiation of Human Tumor Cells Modulates Phenotype Resulting in Enhanced Killing by Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes
TLDR
The results of this study suggest that nonlethal doses of radiation can be used to make human tumors more amenable to immune system recognition and attack and form the rational basis for the combinatorial use of cancer vaccines and local tumor irradiation. Expand
IL-2 immunotoxin denileukin diftitox reduces regulatory T cells and enhances vaccine-mediated T-cell immunity.
CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells have been implicated in the lack of effective antitumor immunity. Denileukin diftitox (DAB(389)IL-2), a fusion protein of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and diphtheriaExpand
Homeoboxes in plant development.
TLDR
Future studies should be oriented to discern the precise function of the many homeobox genes present in plant genomes, and to evaluate their use as modifiers of plant development. Expand
The IL-8/IL-8R Axis: A Double Agent in Tumor Immune Resistance
TLDR
The dual potential roles that the inflammatory cytokine IL-8 plays in promoting tumor resistance by enhancing the immunosuppressive microenvironment and activating EMT are highlighted, and the potential for targeting the IL- 8/IL-8 receptor axis to combat these various resistance mechanisms is discussed. Expand
Pilot Study of Vaccination with Recombinant CEA-MUC-1-TRICOM Poxviral-Based Vaccines in Patients with Metastatic Carcinoma
TLDR
This poxviral vaccine strategy seems to be safe, is associated with both CD8 and CD4 immune responses, and has shown evidence of clinical activity. Expand
Influence of IL-8 on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and the tumor microenvironment.
TLDR
Current knowledge on the secretory properties of epithelial tumor cells that have undergone an EMT are summarized, with an emphasis on the potential role of the IL-8-IL-8 receptor axis on the induction and/or maintenance of tumor EMT and its ability to remodel the tumor microenvironment. Expand
WEE1 inhibition alleviates resistance to immune attack of tumor cells undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
TLDR
It is suggested that reconstituting CDK1 activity to threshold levels may be sufficient to restore immunosurveillance of mesenchymal-like cancer cells that have escaped previous immune detection or eradication. Expand
Nuclear Brachyury Expression Is Consistent in Chordoma, Common in Germ Cell Tumors and Small Cell Carcinomas, and Rare in Other Carcinomas and Sarcomas: An Immunohistochemical Study of 5229 Cases
TLDR
In addition to chordoma, it is shown here for the first time that nuclear brachyury expression is prevalent in embryonal carcinoma, seminoma, and small cell carcinoma of the lung but very rare in common carcinomas, sarcomas, and melanoma. Expand
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