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Treatment of deep cartilage defects in the knee with autologous chondrocyte transplantation.
- M. Brittberg, A. Lindahl, A. Nilsson, C. Ohlsson, O. Isaksson, L. Peterson
- MedicineThe New England journal of medicine
- 6 October 1994
Cultured autologous chondrocytes can be used to repair deep cartilage defects in the femorotibial articular surface of the knee joint.
Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology
A genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility.
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index
18 new loci associated with body mass index are identified, one of which includes a copy number variant near GPRC5B, and genes in other newly associated loci may provide new insights into human body weight regulation.
Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height
The results indicate a genetic architecture for human height that is characterized by a very large but finite number of causal variants, including mTOR, osteoglycin and binding of hyaluronic acid.
Common genetic determinants of vitamin D insufficiency: a genome-wide association study
Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height
It is shown that hundreds of genetic variants, in at least 180 loci, influence adult height, a highly heritable and classic polygenic trait, and indicates that GWA studies can identify large numbers of loci that implicate biologically relevant genes and pathways.
New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution
A genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation and insulin resistance as processes affecting fat distribution, providing insight into potential pathophysiological mechanisms.
Interleukin-6-deficient mice develop mature-onset obesity
The immune-modulating cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) is expressed both in adipose tissue and centrally in hypothalamic nuclei that regulate body composition. We investigated the impact of loss of IL-6…
Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 56 bone mineral density loci and reveals 14 loci associated with risk of fracture
Light is shed on the genetic architecture and pathophysiological mechanisms underlying BMD variation and fracture susceptibility and within the RANK-RANKL-OPG, mesenchymal stem cell differentiation, endochondral ossification and Wnt signaling pathways.
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal eighteen new loci associated with body mass index
Genetic loci associated with body mass index map near key hypothalamic regulators of energy balance, and one of these loci is near GIPR, an incretin receptor, which may provide new insights into human body weight regulation.