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Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: a meta-analysis
BACKGROUND Whether calcium supplementation can reduce osteoporotic fractures is uncertain. We did a meta-analysis to include all the randomised trials in which calcium, or calcium in combination withExpand
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Relationship between stress, eating behavior, and obesity.
Stress is thought to influence human eating behavior and has been examined in animal and human studies. Our understanding of the stress-eating relation is confounded by limitations inherent in theExpand
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Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables is related to a reduced risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of cohort studies
Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables has been shown to be associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in many epidemiological studies, however, the extent of theExpand
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Fruit and vegetable consumption and stroke: meta-analysis of cohort studies
BACKGROUND Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables has been shown to be associated with a reduced risk of stroke in most epidemiological studies, although the extent of the association isExpand
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Should Older People in Residential Care Receive Vitamin D to Prevent Falls? Results of a Randomized Trial
Objectives: To determine whether vitamin D supplementation can reduce the incidence of falls and fractures in older people in residential care who are not classically vitamin D deficient.
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BMI and all-cause mortality in older adults: a meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND Whether the association between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality for older adults is the same as for younger adults is unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine theExpand
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Protein-enriched diet, with the use of lean red meat, combined with progressive resistance training enhances lean tissue mass and muscle strength and reduces circulating IL-6 concentrations in
BACKGROUND Physical inactivity, inadequate dietary protein, and low-grade systemic inflammation contribute to age-related muscle loss, impaired function, and disability. OBJECTIVE We assessed theExpand
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Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency varies, with the groups at greatest risk including housebound, community‐dwelling older and/or disabled people, those in residential care, dark‐skinned peopleExpand
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A worksite program for overweight middle-aged men achieves lesser weight loss with exercise than with dietary change.
OBJECTIVE To compare changes in total and regional body composition using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) after subjects lost weight through change in diet or exercise. DESIGN A 12-month,Expand
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Evaluation of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry as a method of measurement of body fat.
Two densitometers, the Hologic QDR 1000W densitometer (QDR) and the Lunar DPX densitometer (DPX), were compared with four traditional methods for the measurement of body fat: underwater weighingExpand
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