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Inactivation of bacteria and viruses in human urine depending on temperature and dilution rate.
Source separation and reuse of human urine can decrease the environmental pollution of recipient waters and reduce the need for artificial mineral fertilisers. However, the reuse of urine introducesExpand
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Sustainable sanitation technology options for urban slums.
Poor sanitation in urban slums results in increased prevalence of diseases and pollution of the environment. Excreta, grey water and solid wastes are the major contributors to the pollution load intoExpand
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Selection of sustainable sanitation technologies for urban slums--a case of Bwaise III in Kampala, Uganda.
Provision of sanitation solutions in the world's urban slums is extremely challenging due to lack of money, space, access and sense of ownership. This paper presents a technology selection methodExpand
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Fuel potential of faecal sludge: calorific value results from Uganda, Ghana and Senegal
This research tested the viability of using faecal sludge (FS) as solid fuel – an end use that could unlock an environmentally and financially beneficial replacement for disposal-oriented FSExpand
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Descending the sanitation ladder in urban Uganda: evidence from Kampala Slums
BackgroundWhile the sanitation ladder is useful in analysing progressive improvements in sanitation, studies in Uganda have not indicated the sanitation barriers faced by the urban poor. There areExpand
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Are pit latrines in urban areas of Sub-Saharan Africa performing? A review of usage, filling, insects and odour nuisances
BackgroundA pit latrine is the most basic form of improved sanitation which is currently used by a number of people around the globe. In spite of the wide spread use, known successes and advantagesExpand
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Treatment Technologies for Human Faeces and Urine
This thesis examines simple, cheap, environmentally friendly and resource efficient technologies for the treatment of source-separated human faeces and urine to enable safe recycling of their plantExpand
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A value proposition: resource recovery from faecal sludge—can it be the driver for improved sanitation?
Abstract There is currently a lack of access to affordable sanitation in urban areas of Sub-Saharan Africa. This study evaluated the potential for resource recovery from innovative faecal sludgeExpand
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Sanitation facilities in Kampala slums, Uganda: users' satisfaction and determinant factors
Access to improved sanitation is a key preventive measure against sanitary-related gastro-enteric diseases such as diarrhoea. We assessed the access to sanitation facilities and users' satisfactionExpand
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Performance of pit latrines in urban poor areas: A case of Kampala, Uganda
Abstract In many urban poor areas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), demand for human excreta disposal is met, predominantly by pit latrines. This study aimed at determining the status of pit latrinesExpand
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