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Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla
Kingdom Animalia early animal radiation prelude: phylum choanoflagellata phylum porifera phylum placozoa eumetazoa phylum cnidaria tripoblastica phylum ctenophora phylum bilateria protostoma spiraliaExpand
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Xenoturbella is a deuterostome that eats molluscs
Xenoturbella bocki, first described in 1949 (ref. 1), is a delicate, ciliated, marine worm with a simple body plan: it lacks a through gut, organized gonads, excretory structures and coelomicExpand
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Abstract A recently published book on the phylogeny of the animal kingdom, written by the first author, provided a classification based on a ‘manual’ cladistic analysis at the phylum level. We haveExpand
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The Development of the Brachiopod Crania (Neocrania) anomala (O. F. Müller)and its Phylogenetic Significance
The freely spawned eggs of Crania go through radial cleavage, embolic gastrulation, and the posteroventral part of the archenteron forms mesoderm through modified enterocoely. The blastopore closesExpand
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Tentacle structure and filter-feeding in Crisia eburnea and other cyclostomatous bryozoans, with a review of upstream-collecting mechanisms
The upstream-collecting filter-feeding mechanisms occurring in many aquatic organisms are not adequately descnbed. Tentacles of Crisia eburnea and other cyclostome bryozoans, with only lateral andExpand
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Origin and evolution of animal life cycles
The ‘origin of larvae’ has been widely discussed over the years, almost invariably with the tacit understanding that larvae are secondary specializations of early stages in a holobenthic life cycle.
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Studies on Danish entoprocta
Abstract A survey of the literature on the Danish Entoprocta is given. Descriptions and figures are given of all Entoprocta, viz. 24 species, recorded from Danish waters. Seventeen of these are newExpand
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Structure and Function of Metazoan Ciliary Bands and Their Phylogenetic Significance
Ciliated epithelia, especially the ciliary bands used in swimming and filter feeding, of representatives of the following phyla have been investigated: Porifera, Cnidaria, Annelida, Mollusca,Expand
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Testing the new animal phylogeny: a phylum level molecular analysis of the animal kingdom.
The new animal phylogeny inferred from ribosomal genes some years ago has prompted a number of radical rearrangements of the traditional, morphology based metazoan tree. The two main bilaterianExpand
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Control of Invasive Soybean Aphid, Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae), Populations by Existing Natural Enemies in New York State, with Emphasis on Entomopathogenic Fungi
Abstract This study evaluated the diversity and abundance of existing natural enemies of soybean aphid, Aphis glycines L., under field conditions in New York State, with emphasis on entomopathogenicExpand
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