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Purity of the sacred lotus, or escape from contamination in biological surfaces
It is shown here for the first time that the interdependence between surface roughness, reduced particle adhesion and water repellency is the keystone in the self-cleaning mechanism of many biological surfaces.
Classification and terminology of plant epicuticular waxes
A refined classification and terminology of epicuticular waxes is proposed based on high-resolution SEM analysis of at least 13 000 species, representing all major groups of seed plants, and 23 wax types are classified.
Noncoding plastid trnT‐trnF sequences reveal a well resolved phylogeny of basal angiosperms
A phylogeny for basal angiosperms based on noncoding, fast‐evolving sequences of the chloroplast genome region trnT‐trnF is presented, showing the New Caledonian Amborella as the sister to all other angios perms, followed by Nymphaeaceae and an Austrobaileya–Illicium–Schisandra clade.
Angiosperm phylogeny based on matK sequence information.
Combined analyses of matK and other rapidly evolving DNA regions with available multigene data sets have strong potential to enhance resolution and internal support in deep level angiosperms phylogenetics and provide additional insights into angiosperm evolution.
Characterization and Distribution of Water-repellent, Self-cleaning Plant Surfaces
The importance of roughness and water-repellency, respectively, as the basis of an anti-adhesive, self-cleaning surface, in comparison to other functions of microstructures, is discussed.
Wettability and Contaminability of Insect Wings as a Function of Their Surface Sculptures
Wing surfaces of 97 insect species from virtually all relevant major groups were examined by high resolution scanning-electron-microscopy, revealing a correlation between the wettability and the “SM Index” and some insects with very unwettable wings show a highly significant “self-cleaning” effect under the influence of rain or dew.
Structure-function relationships of the plant cuticle and cuticular waxes - a smart material?
The cuticle is the main interface between plants and their environment, whose properties are dynamically modified by the plant in response to internal and external stimuli, and combines many aspects attributed to smart materials.
Seasonal changes of leaf surface contamination in beech, oak, and ginkgo in relation to leaf micromorphology and wettability
The leaf surfaces of beech, oak and ginkgo have been investigated with respect to contamination with particles during one growing season. Based on the observation that particles are removed from
Wetting and self-cleaning properties of artificial superhydrophobic surfaces.
The wetting and the self-cleaning properties (the latter is often called the "Lotus-Effect") of three types of superhydrophobic surfaces have been investigated: silicon wafer specimens with different