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Sustaining Visitor Use in Protected Areas: Future Opportunities in Recreation Ecology Research Based on the USA Experience
Several research directions are suggested as essential for continued progress in this field including theoretical development, broadening scale, integration with other disciplines, and examination of synergistic effects. Expand
The response of two arctic tundra plant communities to human trampling disturbance.
  • C. Monz
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Journal of environmental management
  • 1 February 2002
These tundra communities can tolerate moderate levels of hiking and camping provided that use is maintained below disturbance thresholds and that visitors employ appropriate minimum-impact techniques, according to a 4-year study. Expand
Trampling Disturbance of High-Elevation Vegetation, Wind River Mountains, Wyoming, U.S.A
Trampling experiments were conducted in five high-elevation plant communities in the Wind River Mountains. In one experiment (simulating infrequent acute disturbance), plots were trampled once andExpand
The effect of minimum impact education on visitor spatial behavior in parks and protected areas: An experimental investigation using GPS-based tracking.
Findings suggest that personal contact by a uniformed ranger or volunteer may be the most effective means of message delivery for on-site minimum impact education in Acadia National Park, Maine. Expand
Assessment and Monitoring of Recreation Impacts and Resource Conditions on Mountain Summits: Examples From the Northern Forest, USA
Abstract Mountain summits present a unique challenge to manage sustainably: they are ecologically important and, in many circumstances, under high demand for recreation and tourism activities. ThisExpand
Recent advances in recreation ecology and the implications of different relationships between recreation use and ecological impacts
Recreation ecology – the study of the environmental consequences of outdoor recreation/nature-based tourism activities and their effective management – is an emerging field of global importance. AExpand
Impacts of Camping on Vegetation: Response and Recovery Following Acute and Chronic Disturbance
  • D. Cole, C. Monz
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Environmental management
  • 4 December 2003
Experiments with controlled levels of recreational camping were conducted on previously undisturbed sites in two different plant communities in the subalpine zone of the Wind River Mountains, Wyoming, USA, finding that increases in vegetation impact were not proportional to increases in either years of camping or nights per year of camping. Expand
A Systematic Review of the Psychological, Social, and Educational Outcomes Associated with Participation in Wildland Recreational Activities.
Participation in wildland recreation is associated with a range of individual-level outcomes. Although these outcomes have been extensively studied, few studies have systematically examined andExpand