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Cyanogenic glucosides and plant-insect interactions.
Cyanogenic glucosides are phytoanticipins known to be present in more than 2500 plant species. They are considered to have an important role in plant defense against herbivores due to bitter taste
The phylogeny of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera)
TLDR
The proposed phylogenetic system confirms the monophyly of the Noctuidae and a sister‐group relationship between the NoctUIDae and the Aganaidae is supported.
Higher phylogeny of zygaenid moths (Insecta: Lepidoptera) inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial sequence data and the evolution of larval cuticular cavities for chemical defence.
TLDR
The results imply that cuticular cavities were probably present in the larvae of the most recent common ancestor of Zygaenidae, and the Phaudinae are raised to family rank because this subfamily is recovered in a reasonably well supported species cluster consisting of members of the families Lacturidae, Limacodidae, Himantopter Families, and Somabrachyidae.
Cyanogenesis—a general phenomenon in the lepidoptera?
TLDR
BCA has been found in both cryptic and aposematic species, including taxa such as the Pieridae, Danainae, Ithomiinae, and Arctiidae, where the defensive biology is believed to be linked with other compounds, like mustard oil glucosides, cardenolides, or pyrrolizidine alkaloids.
Phylogenetic analysis of Zygaenoidea small-subunit rRNA structural variation implies initial oligophagy on cyanogenic host plants in larvae of the moth genus Zygaena (Insecta: Lepidoptera)
TLDR
The results suggest that the use of cyanogenic larval host plants is an ancient trait and that the ability to feed on cyanogenic plants was probably already present in the most recent common ancestor of Zygaena.
Effects of Glucose and Amino Acids on Free ADP in βHC9 Insulin-Secreting Cells
TLDR
It is proposed that glucose-induced insulin release may be regulated similarly by two components: glucokinase and KATP channels, which serve to attenuate hormone release when cellular energy stores are low.
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