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Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification
Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2°C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of atExpand
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Long-Term Aridity Changes in the Western United States
The western United States is experiencing a severe multiyear drought that is unprecedented in some hydroclimatic records. Using gridded drought reconstructions that cover most of the western UnitedExpand
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Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO2 emissions scenarios
Carbon emissions and their ocean impacts Anthropogenic CO2 emissions directly affect atmospheric chemistry but also have a strong influence on the oceans. Gattuso et al. review how the physics,Expand
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Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
During 2015–2016, record temperatures triggered a pan-tropical episode of coral bleaching, the third global-scale event since mass bleaching was first documented in the 1980s. Here we examine how andExpand
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Global warming transforms coral reef assemblages
Global warming is rapidly emerging as a universal threat to ecological integrity and function, highlighting the urgent need for a better understanding of the impact of heat exposure on the resilienceExpand
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Spatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene
Not enough time for recovery Coral bleaching occurs when stressful conditions result in the expulsion of the algal partner from the coral. Before anthropogenic climate warming, such events wereExpand
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Poorly cemented coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: Possible insights into reef development in a high-CO2 world
Ocean acidification describes the progressive, global reduction in seawater pH that is currently underway because of the accelerating oceanic uptake of atmospheric CO2. Acidification is expected toExpand
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Caribbean Corals in Crisis: Record Thermal Stress, Bleaching, and Mortality in 2005
Background The rising temperature of the world's oceans has become a major threat to coral reefs globally as the severity and frequency of mass coral bleaching and mortality events increase. In 2005,Expand
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Reef coral reproduction in the eastern Pacific: Costa Rica, Panamá, and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). II. Poritidae
A comparative study of the reproductive ecology of the zooxanthellate, scleractinian corals Porites lobata Dana and P. panamensis Verrill was conducted from 1985 to 1991 in eastern Pacific reefExpand
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Climate change disables coral bleaching protection on the Great Barrier Reef
Bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef The Australian Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is one of Earth's most extraordinary natural wonders, but it is vulnerable to climate change. Ainsworth et al. have trackedExpand
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