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Setting New Standards with HARPS
A super-Earth transiting a nearby low-mass star
Observations of the transiting planet GJ’1214b are reported, finding that the planetary mass and radius are consistent with a composition of primarily water enshrouded by a hydrogen–helium envelope that is only 0.05% of the mass of the planet.
An Earth-mass planet orbiting α Centauri B
The detection of an Earth-mass planet orbiting the authors' neighbour star α Centauri B, a member of the closest stellar system to the Sun, is reported.
The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets. XI. Super-Earths (5 and 8 M{⊕}) in a 3-planet system
This Letter reports on the detection of two super-Earth planets in the Gl 581 system, which is already known to harbour a hot Neptune. One of the planets has a mass of 5 M⊕ and resides at the “warm”
The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets
Context. We present radial-velocity measurements of eight stars observed with the HARPS Echelle spectrograph mounted on the 3.6-m telescope in La Silla (ESO, Chile). Data span more than ten years and
The HARPS search for Earth-like planets in the habitable zone - I. Very low-mass planets around HD 20794, HD 85512, and HD 192310
Context. In 2009 we started an intense radial-velocity monitoring of a few nearby, slowly-rotating and quiet solar-type stars within the dedicated HARPS-Upgrade GTO program. Aims. The goal of this
An extrasolar planetary system with three Neptune-mass planets
Simulations show that the system of three Neptune-mass planets orbiting the nearby star HD 69830 is in a dynamically stable configuration and theoretical calculations favour a mainly rocky composition for both inner planets, while the outer planet probably has a significant gaseous envelope surrounding its rocky/icy core.
Planets around evolved intermediate-mass stars. I. Two substellar companions in the open clusters NG
Context. Many efforts are being made to characterize extrasolar planetary systems and unveil the fundamental mechanisms of planet formation. An important aspect of the problem, which remains largely
The CoRoT-7 planetary system: two orbiting super-Earths
We report on an intensive observational campaign carried out with HARPS at the 3.6 m telescope at La Silla on the star CoRoT-7. Additional simultaneous photometric measurements carried out with the
The Rossiter-McLaughlin effect of CoRoT-3b and HD 189733b
We present radial-velocity sequences acquired during three transits of the exoplanet HD 189733b and one transit of CoRoT-3b. We applied a combined Markov-chain Monte-Carlo analysis of spectroscopic