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Biased Assimilation and Attitude Polarization: The Effects of Prior Theories on Subsequently Considered Evidence
People who hold strong opinions on complex social issues are likely to examine relevant empirical evidence in a biased manner. They are apt to accept "confirming" evidence at face value while… Expand
Alleviating women’s mathematics stereotype threat through salience of group achievements
Abstract Stereotype threat impairs performance in situations where a stereotype holds that one’s group will perform poorly. Two experiments investigated whether reminding women of other women’s… Expand
Self-promotion is not ingratiating.
Pairs of subjects participated in two unstructured conversations spaced one week apart. In the second session, one subject of the pair was asked to participate either as an ingratiator or as a… Expand
Effects of structured cooperative contact on changing negative attitudes toward stigmatized social groups.
- D. M. Desforges, C. Lord, +4 authors M. Lepper
- Psychology, Medicine
- Journal of personality and social psychology
- 1 April 1991
The contact hypothesis predicts that cooperative interaction with members of a disliked group results in increased liking for those members and generalizes to more positive attitudes toward the… Expand
Considering the opposite: a corrective strategy for social judgment.
It is proposed that several biases in social judgment result from a failure--first noted by Francis Bacon--to consider possibilities at odds with beliefs and perceptions of the moment. Individuals… Expand
Attitude Representation Theory
Publisher Summary Attitude is considered the most distinctive and most indispensable concept in contemporary social psychology. The two enduring challenges to the attitude concept include the… Expand
Which Behaviors Do Attitudes Predict? Meta-Analyzing the Effects of Social Pressure and Perceived Difficulty
A meta-analysis of 797 studies and 1,001 effect sizes tested a theoretical hypothesis that situational constraints, such as perceived social pressure and perceived difficulty, weaken the relationship… Expand
Memory deficits and memory surfeits: differential cognitive consequences of tokenism for tokens and observers.
Historically, women and minority group members have been underrepresented in the professions and in better paying, high-status jobs. Even when they have been admitted to such positions, these… Expand
Schemas and images as memory aids: Two modes of processing social information.
- C. Lord
- 1 February 1980
Effects of Salient Multiple Identities on Women's Performance Under Mathematics Stereotype Threat
Previous research on affective extremity and social identity complexity suggested that women's mathematics stereotype threat might be alleviated by reminding individual women of their multiple roles… Expand