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Ecological effects of invasive alien insects
The effects caused by different insect invaders are reviewed according to their ecosystem roles, i.e. herbivores, predators, parasites, parasitoids and pollinators; the level of biological organisation at which they occur; and the direct and indirect mechanisms underlying these effects. Expand
An Extreme Case of Plant–Insect Codiversification: Figs and Fig-Pollinating Wasps
Biogeographic analyses indicate that the present-day distribution of fig and pollinator lineages is consistent with a Eurasian origin and subsequent dispersal, rather than with Gondwanan vicariance. Expand
A molecular phylogeny and revised higher‐level classification for the leaf‐mining moth family Gracillariidae and its implications for larval host‐use evolution
An exploratory mapping of larval host‐use traits on the phylogeny shows strong conservation of modes of leaf mining but much higher lability of associations with host plant orders and families, suggesting that host shifts could play a significant role in gracillariid diversification. Expand
Other Hemiptera Sternorrhyncha (Aleyrodidae, Phylloxeroidea, and Psylloidea) and Hemiptera Auchenorrhyncha.
Apart from aphids and scales, 52 additional Sternorrhyncha hemipteran species alien to Europe have been identifi ed within Aleyrodidae (27 whitefl y species), Phylloxeroidea (9 adelgids, 2Expand
Social parasitism by male-producing reproductive workers in a eusocial insect
It is shown that workers of a eusocial bumble bee (Bombus terrestris) enter unrelated, conspecific colonies in which they then produce adult male offspring, and that such socially parasitic workers reproduce earlier and are significantly more reproductive and aggressive than resident workers that reproduce within their own colonies. Expand
Alien Terrestrial Invertebrates of Europe
Unlike other groups of animals and plants, no checklist of alien terrestrial invertebrates was available in any of the European countries until recently. Since 2002, such checklists were successivelyExpand
Effect of non‐lethal sampling on life‐history traits of the protected moth Graellsia isabelae (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)
Abstract 1. Non‐lethal genetic surveys in insects usually extract DNA from a leg or a piece of wing. Although preferable to lethal sampling, little is known about the effect of leg/wing non‐lethalExpand
It is shown that the estimated level of cospeciation between leaf miners and their host plants is not greater than expected by chance, despite the physical intimacy of the association, and the pattern of host-plant use is far from random, with closely related Phyllonorycter species generally feeding on closely related plants. Expand
Mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA markers reveal a Balkan origin for the highly invasive horse‐chestnut leaf miner Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae)
Findings suggest that European populations of C. ohridella may indeed derive from the southern Balkans, and high haplotype diversity and low measures of nucleotide diversities including a significantly negative Tajima’s D indicate that C. Ohridella has experienced rapid population expansion during its dispersal across Europe. Expand
Increased gene sampling strengthens support for higher-level groups within leaf-mining moths and relatives (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)
Partially or fully augmenting a data set with more characters increased bootstrap support for particular deep nodes, and this increase was dramatic when non-synonymous changes were analyzed alone, indicating that the addition of sites that have low levels of saturation and compositional heterogeneity can greatly improve results. Expand