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A Draft Sequence of the Neandertal Genome
Kissing Cousins Neandertals, our closest relatives, ranged across Europe and Southwest Asia before their extinction approximately 30,000 years ago. Green et al. (p. 710) report a draft sequence ofExpand
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Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians
Ancient DNA makes it possible to observe natural selection directly by analysing samples from populations before, during and after adaptation events. Here we report a genome-wide scan for selectionExpand
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Complete mitochondrial genome sequences of two extinct moas clarify ratite evolution
The origin of the ratites, large flightless birds from the Southern Hemisphere, along with their flighted sister taxa, the South American tinamous, is central to understanding the role of plateExpand
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Targeted Retrieval and Analysis of Five Neandertal mtDNA Genomes
Economic Ancient DNA Sequencing Analysis of ancient DNA is often limited by the availability of ancient material for sequencing. Briggs et al. (p. 318; see the news story by Pennisi) describe aExpand
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The Derived FOXP2 Variant of Modern Humans Was Shared with Neandertals
Although many animals communicate vocally, no extant creature rivals modern humans in language ability. Therefore, knowing when and under what evolutionary pressures our capacity for language evolvedExpand
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The origin of European cattle: evidence from modern and ancient DNA.
Cattle domestication from wild aurochsen was among the most important innovations during the Neolithic agricultural revolution. The available genetic and archaeological evidence points to at leastExpand
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Palaeogenetic evidence supports a dual model of Neolithic spreading into Europe
The peopling of Europe is a complex process. One of the most dramatic demographic events, the Neolithic agricultural revolution, took place in the Near East roughly 10 000 years ago and then spreadExpand
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Evidence for a genetic discontinuity between Neandertals and 24,000-year-old anatomically modern Europeans
During the late Pleistocene, early anatomically modern humans coexisted in Europe with the anatomically archaic Neandertals for some thousand years. Under the recent variants of the multiregionalExpand
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A recent evolutionary change affects a regulatory element in the human FOXP2 gene.
The FOXP2 gene is required for normal development of speech and language. By isolating and sequencing FOXP2 genomic DNA fragments from a 49,000-year-old Iberian Neandertal and 50 present-day humans,Expand
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Ancient gene flow from early modern humans into Eastern Neanderthals
It has been shown that Neanderthals contributed genetically to modern humans outside Africa 47,000–65,000 years ago. Here we analyse the genomes of a Neanderthal and a Denisovan from the AltaiExpand
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