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Identification of two classes of gamma-ray bursts
We have studied the duration distribution of the gamma-ray bursts of the first BATSE catalog. We find a bimodality in the distribution, which separates GRBs into two classes: short events (less than
THE fermi gamma-ray burst monitor
The Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) will significantly augment the science return from the Fermi Observatory in the study of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The primary objective of GBM is to extend the
An X-ray pulsar with a superstrong magnetic field in the soft γ-ray repeater SGR1806 − 20
Soft γ-ray repeaters (SGRs) emit multiple, brief (∼0.1-s), intense outbursts of low-energy γ-rays. They are extremely rare—three are known in our Galaxy and one in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Two
An Extremely Luminous Panchromatic Outburst from the Nucleus of a Distant Galaxy
Multiwavelength observations of a unique γ-ray–selected transient detected by the Swift satellite, accompanied by bright emission across the electromagnetic spectrum, and whose properties are unlike any previously observed source are presented.
Long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae have different environments
When massive stars exhaust their fuel, they collapse and often produce the extraordinarily bright explosions known as core-collapse supernovae. On occasion, this stellar collapse also powers an even
An unusual supernova in the error box of the γ-ray burst of 25 April 1998
The discovery of afterglows associated with γ-ray bursts at X-ray, optical and radio wavelengths and the measurement of the redshifts of some of these events, has established that γ-ray bursts lie at
The Fourth BATSE Gamma-Ray Burst Catalog (Revised)
The Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) has triggered on 1637 cosmic gamma-ray bursts between 1991 April 19 and 1996 August 29. These events
A limit on the variation of the speed of light arising from quantum gravity effects
The detection of emission up to ∼31 GeV from the distant and short GRB, and no evidence for the violation of Lorentz invariance is found, which disfavour quantum-gravity theories in which the quantum nature of space–time on a very small scale linearly alters the speed of light.
Evidence for a canonical gamma-ray burst afterglow light curve in the Swift XRT data
We present new observations of the early X-ray afterglows of the first 27 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) well observed by the Swift X-Ray Telescope (XRT). The early X-ray afterglows show a canonical