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(-)-Epicatechin mediates beneficial effects of flavanol-rich cocoa on vascular function in humans.
- H. Schroeter, C. Heiss, M. Kelm
- Biology, MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 24 January 2006
The data demonstrate that the human ingestion of the flavanol (-)-epicatechin is, at least in part, causally linked to the reported vascular effects observed after the consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa.
Probiotics and immunity
- A. Borchers, C. Selmi, F. Meyers, C. Keen, M. Gershwin
- Biology, MedicineJournal of Gastroenterology
- 22 January 2009
Promising results have been obtained with probiotics in the treatment of human inflammatory diseases of the intestine and in the prevention and treatment of atopic eczema in neonates and infants, however, the findings are too variable to allow firm conclusions as to the effectiveness of specific Probiotics in these conditions.
Sustained benefits in vascular function through flavanol-containing cocoa in medicated diabetic patients a double-masked, randomized, controlled trial.
Copper, oxidative stress, and human health.
Lyme disease: a rigorous review of diagnostic criteria and treatment.
Regular Consumption of a Flavanol-rich Chocolate can Improve Oxidant Stress in Young Soccer Players
FCMC consumption was associated with changes in several variables often associated with cardiovascular health and oxidant stress, and the presence of significant quantities of flavanols in FCMC is likely to have been one of the contributing factors to these results.
Epicatechin in human plasma: in vivo determination and effect of chocolate consumption on plasma oxidation status.
- D. Rein, S. Lotito, R. Holt, C. Keen, H. Schmitz, C. Fraga
- Chemistry, MedicineThe Journal of nutrition
- 1 August 2000
The data support the concept that the consumption of chocolate can result in significant increases in plasma epicatechin concentrations and decreases in plasma baseline oxidation products.
Determination of titanium dioxide in foods using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry.
Titanium dioxide is a common food additive of increasing interest in dietary intake studies and dietary exclusion studies and a method was developed for its rapid determination in foods using acid digestion and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICPOES).
Cocoa and chocolate flavonoids: implications for cardiovascular health.
- F. Steinberg, Monica M. Bearden, C. Keen
- MedicineJournal of the American Dietetic Association
- 1 February 2003
This paper offers a review of current scientific research regarding the potential cardiovascular health benefits of flavonoids found in cocoa and chocolate, and recommends by health professionals to encourage individuals to consume a wide range of phytochemical-rich foods, which can include dark chocolate in moderate amounts.
Procyanidin dimer B2 [epicatechin-(4beta-8)-epicatechin] in human plasma after the consumption of a flavanol-rich cocoa.
- R. Holt, S. Lazarus, C. Keen
- Medicine, ChemistryThe American journal of clinical nutrition
- 1 October 2002
Dimmer procyanidin dimer, (-)-epicatechin, and (+)-catechin were detected in the plasma of human subjects as early as 30 min after the consumption of a flavanol-rich food such as cocoa.